ЗАДАНИЕ 1. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в них сказуемое в страдательном залоге, укажите, от какого глагола оно образовано. Переведите предложения на русский язык (см. § 24 грамматического справочника (ГС)).
1. The year of 1986 was declared the International Year of Peace.
2. In most industrial cities atmosphere is being constantly polluted.
3. Since my childhood much has been changed in our family.
ЗАДАНИЕ 2. Выберите правильную форму модального глагола (саn, could, be able). Переведите полученные предложения на русский язык (см. § 31 ГС).
1. I shall to go by the train.(must, have)
2. He said he translate the article.(can, could)
3. She will to get this book.
ЗАДАНИЕ 3. Переведите предложения на русский язык. Определите функцию глагола have. Укажите, является ли он:
а) смысловым глаголом;
б) вспомогательным глаголом;
в) модальным глаголом (см. § 30, 31 ГС).
1. They have many friends abroad.
2. He will have to stay at home because of his illness.
3. Have you ever been to St. Petersburg?
ЗАДАНИЕ 4. Заполните пропуски, выбрав подходящий по смыслу инфинитив, (to be solved, to live, to help). Переведите предложения на русский язык (см. § 25 ГС).
1. It was not easy there because of severe climate.
2. The problem is complicated.
3. We agreed him.
ЗАДАНИЕ 5. Переведите на русский язык предложения, содержащие неличные формы глагола (инфинитив, герундий, Причастие, см. § 25-28 ГС).
1. Being a stranger, he didn’t know the way.
2. He has got his report typed.
3. The teacher has aimed at teaching students to speak i correct English.
ЗАДАНИЕ 6. Переведите текст на русский язык. Прочтите вслух выбранный абзац.
Teaching is an activity which you can read about, think about, and be tutored in, but in the end it is something which you do. It is an action which is a consequence of thought. And you must do it for yourself in the only place where it can be done in class-rooms.
Another way of saying this is to say that teaching is an art, not a science. How is this difficult art to be mastered? The mastering can occur only with children in class-rooms. It is this fact which makes the provision of teaching practice an indispensable part of the work of any institution whose duty it is to educate students to work as teachers in schools. Without training the concept of a profession is impossible. Without practice in schools, any system of training is impossible.
Teaching practice means an opportunity to prepare the material of one’s subject more thoroughly than was necessary to pass one´s examinations. The second opportunity which teaching practice presents to the students in training is the opportunity to discover how well he or she likes a subject, or indeed whether he likes it or not.
There are people who do not have power of clear communication, and clear communication means understanding one’s pupils, sympathizing with them, being aware of their individual differences and special aptitudes. The good teacher is a psychologist, capable of understanding children in the complex, changing situation of the classroom.
Among other opportunities of teaching practice is the opportunity to understand the social significance of the school. What is done in classrooms influences the quality of our society.
Briefly, teaching practice gives the student in training an opportunity to recognize his profession as the highly complex activity and the vital influence which it has.