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Контрольная 4 по англ (SOLUTION)

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Контрольная работа №4

II. Лексико-грамматические упражнения.
1. Составьте предложения, используя данные модели и запишите их.
Model 1: The problem which is to be solved by us is very interesting.
The problem to be solved by us is very interesting
1. Many ores which are to be found in our region will be used in industry.
2. The report which will be made by this scientist deals with very important problems.
3. The solution which is to be filtrated was poured into a flask.
Model 2: He was the first who passed his exams He was the first to pass his exams.
1. Dalton was the first who deduced scientifically the atomic theory from experimental data.
2.She was the first who learned the news.
3. Alpha radiation was the first that was studied in detail at that time.
Model 3: We expect that they will solve this problem very soon. We expect to solve this problem very soon.
1 The scientists know that this phenomenon is important.
2. They suppose that she will take part in this work
3. We consider that mercuric ions are colourless.
Model 4: I thought that he had returned.
I thought him to have returned.
1. We knew-that the delegation had arrived.
2. They learned that he had carried out the experiment by the end of week.
3. They expect that she had passed her last exam well.
Model 5: It is known that he will make his report today.
He is known to make his report today.
1. It is believed that the method involved is good.
2. It is expected that they will take part in this research work.
3. It is known that evaporation goes more rapidly at the higher temperature.
Model 6: It was found that those rays had been deflected.
Those rays were found to have been deflected.
l. It was known that the substances had been purified.
2. It was considered that the method had been improved.
3. It is believed that they have examined this substance sufficiently.

2. Сравните следующие пары предложений и переведите их на русский язык.
1. The article appeared in our magazine yesterday. The article appeared to be very interesting.
2. He proved this phenomenon tentatively He proved to know this law.
3. Having constructed a new powerful chemical accelerator they could start their work. A new powerful accelerator having been constructed, they started their work..
4. The electronic computer simplifying greatly the calculations, it is much easier now to find out all the properties of new substances. The electronic computer simplifying the calculations has been used in our laboratory .
5. A metal and non-metal combining transfer of electrons occurs with the formation of an ionic crystals A metal combining with a non-metal was investigated in our laboratory .
6. A number of new nuclear photochemical methods is known to be widely used. Everybody knows a number of new nuclear photochemical methods to be widely used.
7. The work on the energy dependence of the reactions between ionized molecules was found to have been done with the help of modified mass spectrometers. They found the work on the energy dependence of the reactions between ionized molecules to have been done with the help of modified mass spectrometers.

3. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Helium, argon, neon, radon are known to be inert gases.
2. The scientists knew these gases to be inert.
3. The chemists found the existence of inert gases to have been scarcely suspected until the discovery of argon.
4. A very few compounds of the inert gases appeared to have been reported at dial time.
5. They found the atom of helium to contain only two electrons of the first energy level.
6. Radon as have been stated by some scientists is known to be the direct disintegration product of radium.
7. They believe the use of this element to result in many discoveries.
8. This element is believed to be widely used.
9. To establish the molecular we

Дополнительная информация

4. Запишите предложения, выбрав соответствующую форму инфинитива. Переведите предложения.
1. The amount of plasma (to give, to be given) in case of bums depends on the consumption of shock.
2. The penicillin (to be injected, to inject) intravenously or intramuscularly must be always freshly prepared.
3. Pavlov was the first (to open, to be opened) a new epoch in physiology.
4. The natural source of vitamins (to be given, to give) to the patients is in food they consume.
5. The liquid (to be passed, to pass) through the filter press is first treated with carbon dioxide.
5. Вставьте вместо пропусков соответствующие обстоятельственные ГРУППЫ слов, выбрав их из списка.
to improve management of pharmacological institutions
to determine the relative proportion of iodine.
to obtain a very pure product
to prevent moisture from entering the apparatus.
to obtain purification with methyl alcohol.

6. Прочтите следующий текст .
SOLUTION
Any chemically and physically homogeneous mixture of two or more substances is said to be a solution. It is possible to have solutions of solids in liquids, liquids in liquids, gases in liquids, solids in solids, etc. Depending upon the size of the dispersed particles we recognise true solutions, colloidal solutions and suspensions. If sugar is dissolved in water, it is supposed that the ultimate particle is of molecular dimensions and that a true solution is formed. On the other hand, if very fine sand is mixed with water, a suspension of comparatively large particles, each consisting of many molecules is obtained. Between these two extremes lie colloidal solutions, from the pharmaceutical stand-point solutions of solids in liquids are of greatest importance and many quantitative data are available on the properties of such solutions.

7. Найдите в тексте английские эквиваленты следующих словосочетаний
Степень растворимости различных веществ, с другой стороны, количественные данные, взвешенные частички, истинный раствор,

8. Выпишите из текста предложения, в которых встречаются инфинитивы или инфинитивные обороты. Переведите эти предложения.

9. Переведите последний абзац текста «Under certain conditions...» и задайте все виды вопросов (общий, специальный, к подлежащему, альтернативный и разделительный)

10. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. What mixtures may be defined as a solution?
2. Is it possible to obtain a solution only by dissolving solids in liquids?

11. К каждому предложению поставьте вопрос так, чтобы данное предложение было на него ответом:
1. Yes, paper filters are the most useful of all for the pharmacist.
2. No, the paper specially prepared is used for filtration.

12. Переведите предложение на английский язык.
1. Раствор-это однородная смесь двух или трех веществ.
2. В зависимости от размера взвешенных частичек распознаются следующие растворы: истинные растворы, коллоидные растворы и взвеси.

13. Прочтите следующий текст
DRUG IS TESTED ON LUNG EMBOLISM
Boston. Researchers say an experimental drug produced by genetic engineering technology appears highly effective in dissolving blood clots in the lung, a problem that causes the deaths of 50.000 people a year in the United States.

14. Ответьте на следующие вопросы:
1. Why is pulmonary embolism considered very dangerous?
2. What drug is recommended for pulmonary embolism?
15. Используя текст, напишите причины, по которым ВЫ бы рекомендовали лекарство пациенту.

16. Предположим что Вы один из ученых, который исследует лекарство, описанное в тексте. Напишите небольшую рекламу об этом лекарстве.
1. Предложим, что Ваша реклама имела успех и Вас приглашают на конференцию:
a) Заполните карточку участника конференции
Family name...
b) Напишите резюме Вашего выступлении на конференции (10-15 предложений) по одной из следующих тем:

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