САНКТ-ПЕТЕРБУРГСКИЙ ГОСУДАРСТВЕННЫЙ УНИВЕРСИТЕТ СЕРВИСА И ЭКОНОМИКИ
КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА № 3
Для выполнения контрольной работы № 3, необходимо усвоить следующий грамматический материал:
1. Сложные предложения. Согласование времен.
2. Косвенная речь.
3. Условные предложения.
Задание 1. Прочитайте и переведите письменно текст на русский язык.
Text 1. MONEY
Money is indispensable in a society in which commodity exchange takes place. In commodity exchange money plays the role of a universal equivalent, that of commodity ex¬pressing the value of all the other commodities.
Gold is the generally accepted money commodity. Because of its natural properties gold is the most convenient substance to carry out the social function of money. It can be easily broken into pieces and melted and «recombined» without any loss of value. It can also be kept safely as it does not become oxidized. In addition it has relatively small volume for its weight while denoting a considerable value.
Money performs a number of functions. First of all, it serves as a measure of value; that is, it is used to measure the value of all other commodities. Each commodity is sold for a certain sum of money, which expresses its value. The value of a commodity in terms of money is called its price.
Money is an ideal unit for expressing the value of all other commodities. What this means is that to measure the value of commodities it is not necessary to have cash. As acts of sale and purchase (i.e. the exchange of commodities for money) are repeated many times, the seller and buyer mentally equate the commodity to a certain amount of money (or gold) corre¬sponding to its value.
When commodities are exchanged with the aid of money, the latter also serves as a means of circulation. To perform this function money has to be real, not ideal. What is important is that anyone receiving these symbols of value must be assured that they will be accepted from him too, when he pays for other commodities. That is why states declare paper money to be legal tender.
Money also serves as a means of accumulation or a way of hoarding trea-sures. This function stems from the fact that money can buy any commodity. Therefore, money is a universal embodiment of wealth and a means of accumulating it. Taken out of circulation, however, money becomes treasure only if it is gold, or money converted into articles of gold, silver and other precious metals or stones.
Задание 1.1. Дайте письменно эквиваленты выделенным в тексте словам.
Задание 2. Прочитайте и переведите устно текст на русский язык.
Text 2. WHAT IT TAKES TO RUN A BUSINESS
Most of us fantasize at one time or another about starting our own business, but few of us have the courage to make it happen. The prospect of going into business for ourselves, while appealing, is a risk few of us are willing to take.
But times have changed. More people than ever before are leaving their 6-figure salary jobs and starting their own businesses. In fact, experts estimate that some 1.500 new businesses are launched every day and that by 2000 70 percent of all businesses will be entrepreneurial.
Choosing the business that´s right for you is probably the most important business decision you´ll ever make. Maybe you already have a great idea for a product or service. Or perhaps you´re still exploring some ideas. In either case, before you launch your business you´ll need to assess your strengths and weak-nesses, your likes and dislikes.
It may help to make a list of what you like and dislike. You´ll also want to consider your non-tangible attributes, such as stamina, determination and resourcefulness. These qualities alone may be the determining factor of whether your business succeeds or fails......