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Ответы к тексту по учебнику Лексикология Антрушиной

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INTRODUCTION INTO LEXICOLOGY
I:
S: Lexicological research answers the question:
- What’s in a name?
- What’s in a sentence?
- What’s in the speech?
- What’s in the language?
I:
S: The modern definition of the word:
- can be considered exhaustive
- is totally understandable
- is not satisfactory
- is quite surprising
I:
S: The referent is
- a process in a listener’s brain
- a mechanism of sound groups’ conversion into words
- an idea
- an object, quality, phenomenon, action, etc denoted by a word
I:
S: The word is:
- a unit of speech which, as such, serves for human communication
- an object, quality, action
- a group of sounds expressing a concept
- a referent with its sound-group
I:
S: What is the external structure of a word?
- Its morphological structure
- The letters constituting the word
- The graphic representation of the word
- The sounds constituting the word
I:
S: The external structure of a word is studied by:
- phonetics
- grammar
- word-building
- etymology
I:
S: The internal structure of a word means its:
- grammatical structure
- sound structure
- semantic structure
- morphological structure
I:
S: The word possesses:
- both external (formal) and semantic unity
- only formal unity
- only internal unity
- indivisibility
I:
S: The word’s susceptibility to grammatical employment means:
- it can be used in the speech
- it is used in different grammatical forms in which its interrelations are realized
- it can be conjugated or declined
- it can make collocations
I:
S: What is lexicology?
- the study of dictionaries
- the study of words
- the study of morphemes
- the study of history of English language
I:
What is the word?
- a speech unit used for the purpose of human communication
- a speech unit used for the purpose of studying other languages
- a speech unit used for the purpose of word-building
- an independent unit within an utterance
I:
S: The word can be perceived as:
- the sum of affixes
- the sum of stems
- a unit of vocabulary
- the total of the sounds which comprises it
I:
S: The modern approach to word studies is based on distinguishing between:
- the stem of the word and its suffixes
- the Old English words and the modern ones, and their comparison
- the pronunciation and the spelling (the writing)
- the external and the internal structure of the word +
I:
S: What do we mean by morphological structure of the word?
- its external structure
- its internal structure
- its outside structure
- its inside structure
I:
S: The external structure of words and typical word-formation patterns are studied in the section on:
- history of language
- word-building
- phraseology
- etymology
I:
S: What do we mean by the semantic structure of the word, or its meaning?
- its external structure
- its internal structure
- its outside structure
- its inside structure
I:
S: What is semantics?
- the study of word-building
- the study of morphemes
- the study of stems and their origin
- the study of meaning
I:
S: What is the word’s main aspect?
- its morphological structure
- its spelling
- its meaning
- its pronunciation
I:
S: What is the structural aspect of the word?
- its divisibility
- its unity
- its permanence
- its variability
I:
S: On the syntagmatic level:
- the semantic structure of the word is analysed in its linear relationship with neighbouring words in connected speech
- the word is studied in its relationship with other words in the vocabulary system
- the word is studied as a unity of external and internal structures
- the word is studied as a group of sounds

Дополнительная информация

I:
S: On the paradigmatic level:
- the semantic structure of the word is analysed in its linear relationship with neighbouring words in connected speech
- the word is studied in its relationship with other words in the vocabulary system
- the word is studied as a unity of external and internal structures
- the word is studied as a group of sounds
I:
S: To refuse – to reject – to decline; work – labour; man – chap – bloke – guy are the examples of:
- antonyms
- homonyms
- paradigmatic study
- syntagmatic study
I:
S: The main problems of paradigmatic studies are:
- synonymy, phraseology, homonymy
- synonymy, etymology, phraseology
- synonymy, antonymy, etymology
- synonymy, antonymy, functional styles
I:
S: Phraseology is the branch of lexicology specializing in:
- sentences which are characterized by stability of structure
- word-groups which are characterized by instability of structure and transferred meaning
- word-groups which are characterized by stability of structure and direct meaning
- word-groups which are characterized by stability of structure and transferred meaning
I:
S: The vocabulary can be studied:
- synchronically, that is, in the context of the process through which it grew, developed and acquired its modern form
- diachronically, that is, at a given stage of its development
- synchronically, that is, at a given stage of its development
- syntagmatically, that is, in the context of the process through which it grew, developed and acquired its modern form

FORMAL AND INFORMAL STYLE AND VOCABULARY
I:
S: What generally determines the choice of stylistically marked words?
- the social context in which the communication is talking
- the social status of the speaker
- mood of the speaker
- age of the speaker
I:
S: What does professor I.V. Arnold define as “a system of expressive means peculiar to a specific sphere of communication”?
- colloquial words
- informal style
- formal style
- functional style
I:
S: In general, functional styles are classified in … groups.
- two
- three
- four
- many different
I:
S: In what situations are informal words used?
- at a ministerial reception
- at home, when speaking to friends, relatives
- when speaking to a teacher
- at a scientific symposium
I:
S: What are the main types of informal words and word-groups?
- colloquial words, slang and learned words
- colloquial and dialect words
- colloquial, slang and dialect words and word-groups
- professional terminology and learned words
I:
S: Informal words that are used in everyday conversational speech both by cultivated and uneducated people of all age groups are:
- dialect words
- slang words
- learned words
- literary colloquial words
I:
S: Why do colloquialisms appear in dialogues in 20th century English and American literature?
- because they realistically reflect the speech of modern people
- because the authors are uneducated
- because the authors want to show the way one should not conduct
- because the authors want to create an intimate, warm, informal atmosphere, to be closer to the reader
I:
S: Why do colloquialisms appear in descriptive passages in 20th century English and American literature?
- because they reflect the reality
- because the authors are uneducated
- because the authors want to show the way one should not conduct
- because the authors want to create an intimate, warm, informal atmosphere, to be closer to the reader
I:
S: “Pal” and “chum” are colloquial equivalents of:
- friend
- pretty woman
- meal
- old man
I:
S: “Girl”, when used colloquially, denotes:
- a very young girl
- a pretty woman
- a girlfriend
- a woman of any age
I:
S: “Bite” and “snack” stand for:
- breakfast
- lunch
- meal
- dinner
I:
S: “To have a crush on somebody” means:
- to break up with somebody
- to be in love with somebody
- to have a quarrel with somebody
- to be angry with somebody
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