1. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на разные значения слов it, that, one.
The T-shaped rails that have become standard on modem tracks can carry a much heavier weight than those produced before 1831.
It was the railway, which became the shortest way from Europe to Asia.
At the exhibition one could see the latest track-laying machine.
2. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их на русский язык, обращая внимание на функцию инфинитива.
То simplify the problem of running trains, all railroads are divided into divisions.
Freight cars to be sorted and loaded are situated on the reception lines.
All stations to be equipped with modern railway signaling will also have remote control of points and crossings.
3. Перепишите предложения и переведите их на русский язык, принимая во внимание, что инфинитивные обороты соответствуют придаточным предложениям. Определите тип инфинитивного оборота.
Еасh of the base stations is said to comprise one transmitter, two receivers and torque control equipment.
Specialists consider electronic equipment to facilitate shunting operations.
Everybody knows three kinds of tracks to exist at the sorting siding.
4. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.
TERMINAL SIDINGS / THE EFFICIENCY OF TERMINAL OPERATION
All tracks are subdivided into terminal sidings and special tracks. Terminal sidings serve for various operations. They include main tracks, reception sidings, departure sidings, sorting sidings, engine-shed sidings, carriage standage and cleaning sidings.
Reception sidings receive trains and enable engines to discharge immediately on arrival.
Departure sidings may be described as reception sidings for departing trains.
Sorting sidings are the lines where wagons are sorted for various destinations.
Engine shed sidings, carriage standage and cleaning sidings are used for serving engines and cleaning cars.
The correct track layout must ensure high efficiency and safety of terminal operation. The correct track layout ensures reliability of operation, flexibility for the rolling stock, a minimum amount of switching.
It reduces various delays of cars between operations. Therefore, tracks must be of sufficient length for average trains.
The proper location, arrangement and correlation of various tracks are vitally essential for the economical operation of the terminal.