Английский, вариант 2

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Вариант № 2.
(Выполняется студентами, фамилии которых начинаются с букв О – Я).
Раздел 1.
Lexis and grammar key points
1.1 (5 x 1 points) Phonetics. Choose the words in which EA has the same pronunciation as in TO TREAT. Tick (√) the correct variants in the boxes.
1: wealth
2: to read
3: threat
4: head
5: steal

1.2. (5 x 1 points) Lexis. Match phrasal verbs with the meaning. Write your answers (letters A, B, C, D, E or F) in the boxes.
1: the engine stopped working a: get on
2: be careful b: take off
3: go into the air c: look out
4: get out of the bed d: break down
5: to manage e: get by
f: get up
1.3. (4 x 1 points) Choose the best way to say these numbers. (Sometimes more than one way is possible.) Write your answers (letters A, B, C, D) in the boxes.
1) 10,001
a. one thousand and one
b. ten thousand one
c. ten thousand and one
d. one triple oh one

2) 2003
a. two thousand three
b. two double oh three
c. two thousand and three
d. twenty oh three

3) £63.30
a. sixty-three pound and thirty pence
b. sixty-three pounds and thirty pence
c. sixty-three pounds and thirteen pence
d. sixty-three pounds thirty

4) €45,638
a. forty-five thousand, six hundred and thirty-eight euro
b. forty-five thousand, six hundred and eighty-three euro
c. forty-five thousand, six hundred and three eight euro
d. forty-five, sixty-three, eight euro

1.4. (5 x 2 points) Replace each word or phrase underlined with a word or phrase from the list which has the opposite meaning. Write your answers in the boxes.
cash generous profit save well off expensive poverty purchase take out worthless
1. Most people in the city live in great prosperity.
2. The manager insisted that I paid by cheque.
3. Some people manage to spend most of their money.
4. Jean was able to make only one sale during the morning.
5. The old painting I found in the loft turned out to be valuable.

1.5. (5 x 2 points) Match the words with the appropriate definitions. (There are extra words.) Write your answers in the boxes.
equation, bookkeeper, posting, debit, book of accounts,
single-entry system, revenues, double-entry system
1. The process of recording amounts as credits and amounts as de¬bits.
2. A person who was called an accountant long ago.
3. A process when each transaction is recorded only once.
4. When each document is recorded as multiple journal entries.

1.6. (5 x 2 points) Match the words with the appropriate definitions. (There are extra words.) Write your answers in the boxes.
managerial accounting, tax accounting, financial accounting, SEC, employ, audit, white-collar worker, FBI,
government accountants, investigate
1. The process by which financial statements are prepaired.
2. An examination of financial statements and the underlying ac-counting system, conducted by a certified public accountant who issues a written opinion as to the fairness of the financial state-ments.
3. People who prepare financial statements describing the financial status of government agencies.
4. Body created by Congress in 1934 to regulate securities markets.
5. Plans future transactions to minimize the amount of tax to be paid.

Раздел 2.
English for Business Communication
2.1. (4 x 2 points) Ethics. A word or phrase is missing in each of the sentences below. Three answer choices are given below each sentence. Select the best answer to complete the sentence. Write your answers (letters A, B or C) in the boxes.
If you’re doing business abroad, it’s useful to know about local customs.
1) If a British nods his/her head, it probably means … .
a: ‘Yes’
b: ‘I am interested’
c: ‘I understand’

2) If an Asian partner nods his/her head, it probably means … .
a: ‘I understand’
b: ‘Yes’
c: ‘I am interested’

3) At a social occasion with an Indian client you … .
a: mustn’t discuss business
b: can discuss business
c: don’t have to discuss business

Дополнительная информация

2.2. (2 x 1 points) Describing graphs. Study the graph and compare the wine consumption. Write your answers (figures 1 or 2) in the boxes.
1) The Spanish drink … wine than the Greeks.
2) The Japanese drink … bottles per person.
a: more
b: the most
c: less
d: the least
e: the fewest

2.3. (7 x 2 points) Read this e-mail and then decide if the statements below are true or false. Write your answers in the boxes.
Hello Marco
Thanks for your email. As you know, before we can agree to your investing in the plant in Slovakia, we need to have a clear description of the project. I’ve listed the main points below. If you have any questions let me know but remember I’m away the first two weeks of December. I’ve copied this email to Rocco as I’m sure he will be responsible for producing much of the information.
1. audited financial statements of the plant’s current owners
2. planned sources of supply
3. possible suppliers of capital goods and services
4. anticipated output
5. markets and distribution channels
6. competition
7. a summary of project costs
Best wishes
1. Rocco is senior to Marco in the company hierarchy.
2. The British company has already decided to invest in the new plant.
3. KJ wants Marco to describe the project in more detail.
4. KJ wants financial information about how the plant has performed in the past.
5. KJ wants to know about other similar plants in the markets.
6. KJ is very interested in how many people work in the plant.
7. KJ needs to have the completed report by 7 December.

2.4. (15 points) Write an essay.
What skills should a good accountant have?

Раздел 3.
Reading and comprehension
3.1. (8 points) Translate the following text into Russian.
The difference between accounting and bookkeeping
Some people mistakenly confuse accounting and bookkeeping by thinking that they are the same thing. While bookkeeping is critical to account¬ing, it is only the clerical part of the accounting process. A bookkeeper (or accounting clerk) is a person who keeps the books of an organization. A bookkeeper is usually responsible for writing up the “daybooks”. The daybooks consist of purchase, sales, receipts and payments. The bookkeeper is responsible for ensuring that all transactions are recorded in the correct daybook, suppliers ledger, customer ledger and general ledger. The bookkeeper will bring the books to the trial balance stage for a financial accountant. This accountant will prepare the profit and loss statement and balance sheet using the trial balance and ledgers prepared by the bookkeeper.....
Because of this change in emphasis, the defini¬tion of what an ac-countant does has also changed. Today, accounting can be defined as “the process of identifying, measuring, and com¬municating informa¬tion to permit informed judg¬ments and decisions by users of the in¬formation.” This definition is quite different from the simple book¬keeping conception of accounting. In fact, no¬where in the definition of accounting does the word bookkeeping appear. Instead, the word in-forma¬tion has become the key word in defining the duties of the ac-countant.

3.2. (11 points) Translate the text from Russian into English.
Бухгалтерский учёт – упорядоченная система сбора, регистрации и обобщения информации в денежном выражении о состоянии имущества, обязательств организации и их изменениях путём сплошного, непрерывного и документального учёта всех хозяйственных операций.
Объектами бухгалтерского учёта являются имущество организаций, их обязательства и хозяйственные операции, осуществляемые организациями в процессе их деятельности.
Бухгалтерский учёт в соответствии с законом о бухгалтерском учёте может вестись: главным бухгалтером, принятым на предприятие по трудовому договору, генеральным директором при отсутствии бухгалтера, бухгалтером, не являющимся главным, либо сторонней организацией (бухгалтерское сопровождение).......


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