Английский, вар 4 (Transportation)

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Контрольная работа №2
Вариант 4
Задание 1. Перепишите предложения. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужную видовременную форму активного или пассивного залога. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. She (to know – знать) how to deal with computers.
2. By the end of 1980s the price of solar cells (to drop – падать) considerably.
3. I already (to fix – ремонтировать) the tap when Sam (to offer – предложить) to help me.
4. This effect … (to reduce – снижать, уменьшать) by the use of a specially developed coating (покрытие).
5. Astronauts … (not to change – не менять) film during the mission (полет).
6. This machine (to develop – создавать) in response to the need of a less costly machine.
7. Participants at the last session (to explore – исследовать) this unusual seismic activity.
8. The space crew (экипаж) (to observe – наблюдать) the Earth-Sun environment using identical instruments.
9. Data from particle physics experiments (to sort – сортировать) and stored in the same way.
10. This design (to adjust – приспособить) to the market much better than the previous one.

Задание 2. Перепишите предложения, выделите глаголы to be/ to have/ to do и определите их функцию. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Photons in photonic crystals should obey the same principles as do electrons in semiconductors.
2. These systems are to be lighter, more reliable and more fault tolerant.
3. Newer machines had a long useful life.
4. The aim of the experiment was to synthesize 10 A phase in the same reaction.
5. They will have to record holograms quickly, preserve them and erase old data.
6. The company will have to do some work in that field of production.
7. When satellites do take off, there is no guarantee that they will teach their destination.
8. Did you know that around 25 tons of air passes through the engine every minute?

Задание 3. Перепишите предложения. Выделите служебные слова it, that, one, определите их функцию и переведите предложения на русский язык. Распознайте усилительную конструкцию It is/ was … who/ that – именно…; It was not before/ until … when – только после…; This/ that is where – вот где.
1. There is also a danger that this technology could be used against the US.
2. It is here that the analysis begins to weaken.
3. One paper is based on important documents only recently discovered.
4. That highway would serve as an important link in the transportation system. It took nearly ten years to complete it.
5. There are certainly parallels between the development of the snowmobile and that of the automobile.
6. One often gets a sense (чувство) that the diplomats work at one speed while political events rush along at a much faster one.

Задание 4. Перепишите предложения. Заполните пропуски одним из союзных слов (who, what, that, which, where, when, whose), укажите, в каких предложениях союз можно не употреблять). Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. All engines … ignition starts as a result of high pressures, are called “Diesel engines”.
2. We have already found … will take the job.
3. Increasing capacity (объем грузоперевозок) is the only solution … we should accept.
4. He told … it would cost $ 800 million to start the program.
5. The women programmed the machine … no one had formerly tested.
6. The luminosity (освещенность) decreased sharply … the planet was passing in front of the star.
7. Steven Vogel, a professor of biology, … field is biomechanics, explains how non-metallic man-made materials avoid catastrophic cracking.

Задание 5. Перепишите предложения. Выделите инфинитив, герундий и причастие и определите их функцию. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Difficulties still remain in achieving high precision
2. Some people decided to get out of the sport, especially after they sustained injury3. Programming was a woman’s job.
4. There are problems to be solved.
5. There must have been a learning process constantly accompanying

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6. There were differences in the philosophy used by social workers in developing countries.

Задание 6. Перепишите предложения, распознайте и выделите инфинитивные обороты – объектный, субъектный, определительный и обстоятельственный.
1. Agricultural aircraft are being designed to meet certification standards.
2. Operators watched the process speed up.
3. In order to maintain production schedules the company has continued with a normal five-day workweek.
4. This industry is expected to grow at a rate of 5,9 % annually.
5. The aim of this school was developing knowledge to be applied to engineering.
6. The engine seems to have created more interest in engineering circles than among potential customers.
7. The professor wanted engineering students to learn something about history of engineering.
8. Plans to begin operations are still being delayed
9. Programmes will allow several engineers to work interactively on the same problem.

Задание 7. Перепишите предложения, выделите причастные обороты – определительный, дополнительный, обстоятельственный и независимый.
1. Business leaders having made mistakes, success often came when they hired (to hire – нанимать) the right scientist-manager.
2. Researchers can track position of the fields on the Sun with a device called magnetometer.
3. Fuel today hovering around 60 cents per gallon, it may reach about $ 1 per gallon in near future.
4. He expects a draft bill (законопроект) written by the ends of April.
5. A constellation of satellites operating around the clock generates great amounts of data.
6. Everything is automated, including quality control.
7. We expect satellites increasing in size to new levels of some 3,4 tons, satellite lifetime being extended.

Задание 8. Сослагательное наклонение. Перепишите предложения. Определите тип условного предложения, переведите предложение на русский язык.
1. If the printers were fully developed, where would you sell them?
2. If allowed by payload (грузоподъемность) design, the payload module would be based on the same structure as the main platform.
3. If the economy remains active, demand for new aircraft will rise as aging aircraft are replaced.
4. Had the machine not been available, the job would have kept busy 100 trained men for a whole year.
5. If this scholarly trend (направление в науке) continues, it will be with benefits (польза).

Задание 9. Смотрите образцы выполнения заданий.
Because of its many mountains, rivers, and islands and its long and harsh winter, Alaska has relatively few roads. In some areas, such as the southeastern part of the state, road construction is impossible due to the large number of glaciers. In other places year-round snow cover requires residents to rely more on air travel than automobiles to reach distant areas of the state.
In fact, Alaska has more pilots, airplanes, and airports per capita than the rest of the United States. Those “airports” include lakes where seaplanes land and take off. There are even air taxis that take residents and tourists to isolated wilderness areas and pick them up later. The state capital and third largest city, Juneau, is accessible only by water or air.
Because of its northern location, Alaska has become an international hub for air cargo. Anchorage International Airport handles more cargo planes – most of them fully loaded 747s – than any other airport in the country.
Ferries are also an indispensable means of transportation within the state. The Alaska Marine Highway was established in 1963 to carry passengers and vehicles on water routes. Two ferry systems operate year-round on the southern coast of Alaska, linking cities and towns on the mainland as well as numerous islands.

Questions to be answered in writing:
1. What region is described in the text?
2. Why is the road construction impossible in some of its areas?
3. What do Alaska’s “airports” include?
4. How do the ferry systems operate in Alaska?


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