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Английский (CRIMINAL LAW, COUTRS IN OUR COUNTRY)

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РАЗДЕЛ I
I. The Present Perfect Tense
Упражнение I. Закончите предложения, используя один из предложенных глаголов во времени Present Perfect (have/has + 3 форма глагола)
break, buy, finish, do, go, lose, go, paint, read, take.
1. "Are they still having dinner?" "No, they have finished".
2. I … some new shoes. Do you want to see then?
3. "Is Tom here?" "No, he … to work".
4. "… you … the shopping?" "No, I´m going to do it later."
5. "Where´s your key?" "I don´t know. I … it.
6. Look! Somebody … that window.
7. Your house looks different. … you … it?
8. I can´t find my umbrella. Somebody … it.
9. I´m looking for Ann. Where …: she?
10. "Do you want the newspaper?" "No, thanks. I … it".

Упражнение 2. Напишите вопросы, начинающиеся со слов: Have you over...
1. (Paris) Have you ever been to Paris?
Nо, never.
2. (play/golf) Have you ever played golf?
Yes, many times.
3. (Australia) Have …?
No, never.
4. (1оsе/your passport) …. ?
Yes, once.
5. (sleep/in a park) … ?
No, never.
6. (eat/Chinese food)
Yes, a few times.
7. (New York)
Yes, twice
8. (win/a lot of money)
No, never.
9. (break/your leg)
Yes, once.

Упражнение 3. Закончите предложения.
1. Jill is in London. She has been in London since Monday.
2. I know George. I have known him for a long time.
3. They are married. They … married since 1993.
4. John is ill. He … ill for a week.
5. We live in this house. We … here for ten years.
6. I know Tom very well. I … him since we went to school together.
7. We are waiting for you. We … waiting since 8 o’clock.
8. She has a headache. She … a headache since she got up.

Упражнение 4. Составьте вопросы, начинающиеся со слов: How long?
1. John is in London. How long has he been in London?
2. I know George. How long have you known him?
3. Mike and Ann are in Brasil. How long …?
4. My brother lives in Germany.
5. Bill is a teacher.
6. I know Margaret.
7. I have a car.
8. Linda and Frank are married.
9. Ann works in London.

Упражнение 5. Вставьте for или since.
1. She’s been in London since Monday.
2. She’s been in London for four days.
3. Mike has been ill … a long time. He’s been in hospital … October.
4. My aunt has lived in Australia … 15 years.
5. Nobody lives in these houses. They have been empty … many years.
6. Mrs. Harris is in her office. She’s been there … 7 o’clock.

Упражнение 6. Ответьте на вопросы. Используйте слова в скобках и for или ago.
1. (four days) When did he arrive in London?
Four days ago.
2. (four days) How long has she been in London?
For four days.
3. (20 years) How long have they been married?
4. (20 years) When did they get married?
5. (ten minutes) When did John arrive?
6. (two months) When did you buy these shoes?
7. (two months) How long has she been in Moscow?
8. (a long time) How long have you known Jane?
9. (an hour) What time did you have lunch?

Упражнение7. Закончите предложения, используя for или since/
1. She is in London now. She arrived there four days ago.
She has been there for four days.
2. Jack is here. He arrived here on Thursday/
He has …
3. I know Ann. I first met Ann two years ago.
I’ve …
4. I have a camera. I bought it in 1995.
I’ve …
5. They are married. They got married six months ago.
They’ve …

Упражнение 8. Используйте слова в скобках, отвечая на вопросы.
1. Have you ever lost your key?
(yesterday) Yes, I lost it yesterday.
2. Have you seen Alan?
(ten minutes ago) Yes, I … ten minutes ago.
3. Have you painted the gate?
(last week) Yes, we … it …
4. Has Jane gone to France?
(on Friday) Yes, she …
5. Have they had dinner?
(at 7 o’clock)
6. Has he started his new work?
(yesterday)

Упражнение 9. Напишите вопросы, начинающиеся со слов: When …? What time …?
1. They have arrived.
What time did they arrive?
2. Bill has gone out.
What time …?
3. I’ve seen Carol.
When …?
4. She’s left her job.
When …?

Дополнительная информация

Упражнение 10. В следующих предложениях укажите, правильны ли формы подчёркнутых глаголов. Если форма неправильна, поставьте нужную форму.
1. Tom arrived last week. – right
2. Have you seen Pam last week? – wrong
Надо: Did you see Pam last week?
3. I have finished my work.
4. I have finished my work at 2 o’clock.
5. When have you finished your work?
6. George has left school three years ago.
.....

Упражнение 11. Поставьте глаголы в Present Perfect (I have done) или в Past Simple (I did)
1. My friend is a writer. She has written (write) many books.
2. We didn’t have (not/have) a holiday last year.
3. Did you see (you/see) Alan last week?
4. I (play) tennis yesterday afternoon.
.....

Упражнение 12. Переведите на английский язык, употребляя The Present Perfect Tense.

II. Modal Verbs. Модальные глаголы.
Упражнение 1. Закончите предложения, используя can или can’t и один из следующих глаголов.
come, find, hear, see, speak

Упражнение 2. Закончите предложения. Используйте can или can’t и один из следующих глаголов.
eat, go, go, see, sleep, understand

Упражнение 3. Вставьте: can, could, was able to, can’t, couldn’t или wasn’t able to.

Упражнение 7.

Упражнение 8. Вставьте must или had to.

Упражнение 9. Закончите предложения. Используйте mustn’t или needn’t и один из глаголов.
be, busy, clean, hurry, lose, take, tell, wait

Упражнение 10. Закончите предложения. Используйте have to или has to и один из глаголов.
do, read, speak, travel, wear

II. Ответьте на вопросы.
1. What is law?
2. What is the main aim of law?
3. What branches of law does the system of law in our country consist of?
4. What does each branch of law deal with?

I. Переведите текст на русский язык.
CRIMINAL LAW
Criminal Lew is to provide protection for the Russian social end state system, personal property and the personal rights of citizens against criminal encroachments.
Criminal Law defines the acts which are socially dangerous and must be regarded аз crimes. It lays down the penalties that should be applied to persons committing these crimes. Here are some leading principles of Russia Criminal Law.
1. A person may be charged with criminal responsibility only when he has committed an act specially provided for in Criminal Law.
2. Responsibility can exist only in the presence of guilt
3. Criminal punishment shall be applied only by sentence of the court.
4. Persons committing crimes in a state of intoxication are not released from criminal responsibility.
5. The death sentence may be passed аз an exceptional penalty in cases specifically enumerated in law.

1. Переведете текст на русский язык
THE COURTS IN OUR COUNTRY
The court is an organ of state that administers justice on the basis of the laws of the state.
There are courts of first instance and second instance. A court of first instance examines a case in substance and brings in a sentence or a judgement. A court of second instance examines appeals and protests against sentences and judgements of courts of first instance. However, any court may sit as a court of first instance.
The basic judicial organ is the district court. It tries both criminal and civil cases. The district court consists of a judge and two assessors. Cases are tried in public and proceeding are oral. The participants in the trial (the victim, the accused, the plaintiff, the defendant and others) speak in open court. The ассused has the right to defence.
The higher courts are city courts, regional courts and others. These courts hear and determine more important cases. They also sit as courts of appeals.
The highest judicial organ is the country’s Supreme Court supervising the activities of all the judicial organs of the state.
As a court of first instance it tries the most important criminal and civil cases. It also hears appeals against sentences and judgements of lower courts.

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