Weather, option 4 (The First Russian Woman-Scientist)

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Option 4
I. Rewrite the following sentences. Decide on grammatical grounds, what part of speech the word is decorated ending -s, and what function it performs end, ie whether it is:
a) indication 3 person singular verb Present Indefinite;
b) indication of the plural noun;
c) indication of the possessive case of a noun (see. the sample is 1). Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. New York remains an important manufacturing centre.
2. The city growth began in 1624 with the arrival of Dutch families.
3. Immigrant groups began to arrive in New York in the 17th century.

II. Rewrite the following sentences and translate them, paying particular attention to the Russian translation of the definitions expressed by a noun (see para. 2 sample implementation).
1. Broadway is the theatre district on the west side of Manhattan.
2. We have a large State library in our city.
3. The Empire State Building, a 102-story construction is one of the symbols of New York.

III. Rewrite the following sentences that contain different forms of comparison and translated into Russian.
1. The more you study the more you know.
2. His answer today is better than two days ago.
3. This is the most interesting book I have ever read.

IV. Rewrite proposal writing and translate them into Russian, paying attention to the translation of indefinite and negative pronouns.
1. Have you got any interesting articles?
2. Come any time you like.
3. Some of my friends speak two foreign languages.

V. Rewrite the following sentences, define them vidovremennyh verbs and specify their infinitive; translate into Russian proposal (see. the sample is 3).
1. New York is one of the youngest of the world's great cities.
2. The population of New York counts more than 7 million people.
3. It received its first official name New Amsterdam in 1625.

VI. Rewrite the following sentence; emphasize in each predicate verb and determine its shape and vidovremennyh bail. Turn suggestions on the Russian language. In setting B note translation of passive constructions.
A 1. Astronomers have measured the exact length of the day.
2. Astronomers find that the day is increased by 0,002 seconds each century.
B 1. The machines are tested before use.
2. As a rule great discovery is generally followed by numerous others.

VII. Rewrite the following sentences, underline Participle I and Participle II and set the functions of each of them, ie, specify whether it is a definition, fact, or a part of the verb-predicate. Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. Some of the questions put to the lecturer yesterday were very important.
2. Matter consists of one or a number of basic elements existing in nature.
3. While studying at the University I read a lot of scientific books.
4. When heated to a certain temperature this metal increases in volume.

VIII. Rewrite the following sentence; emphasize in each modal verb or its equivalent. Turn suggestions on the Russian language.
1. We can think of heat as a special form of kinetic energy.
2. A computer should solve complicated problems many millions of times faster than a mathematician.
3. New types of plastics had to be obtained for space technology.
4. To measure the temperature of gases, the scientists have to use special devices.

IX. Read and orally transferred from the 1st to 5th paragraphs of text. Rewrite and translate the writing 2nd and 7th paragraphs.
The First Russian Woman-Scientist (1850-1891)
The great Russian mathematician Sophia Kovalevskaya lived and worked in the second half of the 19th century. ...

Additional information

IX. Read and orally transferred from the 1st to 5th paragraphs of text. Rewrite and translate the writing 2nd and 7th paragraphs.
The First Russian Woman-Scientist (1850-1891)
The great Russian mathematician Sophia Kovalevskaya lived and worked in the second half of the 19th century. It was the period of Russia's progress in science and culture. It was the time when Lobachevsky created a new non-Euclidean geometry and Chebyshev organized a new school of mathematicians.
Sophia was born in Moscow on February 15, 1850 in a well-off family but spent her childhood in a village. Her father, a well-educated person himself, gave a good education to his children. Being eight, Sophia was taught arithmetic, grammar, literature, geography and history by an experienced teacher. The girl showed an unusual gift in mathematics and at the age of twelve puzzled her teacher when she gave a new solution to a difficult unsolved problem.
In 1867 Sophia wanted to continue her studies in St. Petersburg, where her family spent winters. But it was impossible for a woman to attend lectures at the University. Even Chebyshev who at that time headed the Russian mathematical school had no right to allow her to attend his own lectures. The only way out for her was to go abroad, but in this case there was a condition that the woman should be married. Sophia married Vladimir Kovalevsky and soon left Russia.
Studying at Heidelberg University, Sophia attended lectures and did a lot of research and practical work, in 1871 the Kovalevskya went to Berlin. During four years in Berlin Sophia wrote her dissertations. In 1874 Hettingen University awarded her the Degree of Doctor of Philosophy. Having returned to Russia, she vainly tried to get a post at St. Petersburg University. The tsarist Government did not want to have woman-professors. Again S. Kovalevskaya returned to Berlin where she completed her work on the refraction of light in crystals.
In 1883 she accepted the offer of Stockholm University and was elected professor of mechanics and was at this post until her death in 1891.
In her numerous scientific works Kovalevskaya solved the problems which many scientists could not solve during many years. When she became a world-famous scientist, Kovalevskaya won recognition in her own country.
In 1889 she was elected a Corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

X. Read the third paragraph of the text and the question to him. From the answers indicate the number of proposals, containing the correct answer to the question:
Was it possible for a woman to attend lectures at the University?
1. It was possible for a woman to attend lectures at the University.
2. It was impossible for a woman to attend lectures at the University.
3. The women had a right to attend lectures at the University.

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