The study of fingerprints is the best means available for identifying individuals. Fingerprinting is a simple and inexpensive means of recording an unchanging characteristic of an individual. Fingerprint records are consulted to determine if there is any prior criminal record. They can help in determining the identity of the dead or injured. First the anthro-pometrical system introduced by Alphonse Bertillon in 1882 was used as the means of individual identification. But in 1896 Argentina became the first country to introduce dactyloscopy with the formation of a fingerprint classification system developed by Dr. Juan Vucetich. In 1897 in India Inspector Edward Henry worked out his fingerprint classification system. And by the beginning of World War I England and practically all of Europe were using dactyloscopy. This method is still used today though it has been further improved. Fingerprints are perhaps the most common form of physical evidence and certainly one of the most valuable. They relate directly to the final aim of every criminal investigation — the identification of an offender. Fingerprints of the offender are often found at the scene of a crime. However, the prints can be easily destroyed by the first careless act. They are also, in many cases, difficult to find, especially latent prints. So it is necessary that the crime investigator make a thorough search of all surfaces in and around the scene of a crime. Particular attention should be paid to such places as the backs of chairs, table tops, telephone, etc.
II. Выпишите из текста 3 предложения с модальными глаголами и их эквивалентами, дайте их перевод.
III. Выпишите из текста предложения с глаголами в страдательном залоге, укажите видо-временную форму глагола. Предложения переведите.
IV. Выпишите из текста предложения с глаголами в активном залоге, укажите видо-временную форму глагола. Предложения переведите.
V. Задайте 5 разных типов вопросов к тексту.
VI. Измените данные предложения, употребив пассивный залог, подчеркните сказуемое. Переведите на русский язык.
The students saw this English film.
Студенты видели этот фильм.
This English film was seen by the students.
Этот английский фильм был посмотрен студентами.
1. What subjects do cadets study at the Law University?
2. Has the investigator interviewed the witness?
3. My friend passed all the entrance exams successfully last month.
4. We have been interrogating the suspect for an hour.
5. The detective is still looking for evidence.
VII. Раскройте скобки, употребив глаголы в правильной видо-временной форме. Предложения переведите.
1 The cadet (to train) in the gymnasium since morning.
2. The investigator (to interview) witnesses twice.
3. The evidence (to study) thoroughly before the trial.
4. She (to spend) her holiday at the seaside every summer?
5. The crime scene still (to search).