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Task 1. Read the text.

1.1.Match the headings with the paragraphs in the text
a. Greeting people
b. Behaviour in religious buildings
c. Body language and gestures
d. Knowledge of foreign languages
e. Eating habits
International etiquette
1.___________________________________________________________________________
Nobody actually wants to cause offence but as tourism becomes ever more international it is increasingly easy to get it wrong. There may be a single European market but it does not mean that people behave the same in Greece as they do in Denmark.
While travelling people visit a lot of different countries and experience a lot of different cultures. Knowledge of international etiquette helps to behave socially in public. While visiting churches, mosques, and other religious buildings, it’s important to wear appropriate *clothes and cover up bear skin. Men should always wear shirts. Shorts are not a good idea for women – women should in general avoid showing bare shoulders, arms, legs and in mosques and temples need to cover heads too. In fact when in Egypt, the Middle East and Asia tourists need to take off their shoes before entering any religious buildings – outdoor shoes are seen as carrying all the impurities of the world.
2.___________________________________________________________________________
There are some customs concerning body language and gestures. For example, when tourists get to the Far East, from Singapore onwards, they should be practically careful about your posture. The soles of feet for example, are considered to be the dirtiest part of the body, and they should never be pointed at someone – so crossing legs in public is not a good idea when in Singapore and Thailand. Also, avoid pointing, certainly at people, but also at objects. In Japan and other Far Eastern countries, blowing nose in public is also not really acceptable.
3. ______________________________________________________________________________
When it comes to greeting people in different countries there are a lot of differences. You’ll find Egyptian and Middle Eastern men kissing each other. In many European countries handshaking is an automatic gesture. In France good manners require that on arriving at a meeting a manager shakes hands with everyone present. This can be a demanding task and, in crowded room, may require gymnastic ability if the farthest hand is to be reached. Handshaking is almost as popular in other countries – including Germany, Belgium and Italy. But Northern Europeans, such as the British and Scandinavians, are not quite so fond of physical demonstrations of friendliness. The Spanish and many southern Europeans also kiss each other on the cheeks – though not normally the men. In Japan they’ll bow – and the extent of the bow depends on the respect due to that person. The safest way to greet someone, certainly outside Asia, is just with a firm handshake. Although make sure it is the right hand: in a lot of countries, particularly African and Middle Eastern countries, the left hand is regarded as unclean, so you shouldn’t give things to people, pass food, and so on, with your left hand.
XI. ___________________________
Food and eating habits is probably the most interesting area of international etiquette, but you will be eating in international restaurants most of the time. There’s lots of potential for unintentionally causing offence. For example, in Singapore tourists always say “no” to a second helping of food, and it’s polite to leave some food on the plate at the end, whereas in somewhere like Russia that would probably offend the host.
In Europe the most common challenge is not the content of the food, but the way you behave
as you eat. Some things are not just done. In France it is not good manners to raise tricky questions
of business over the main course. Business has its place: after the cheese course. Unless you are
prepared to eat in silence you have to talk about

Additional information

XII. As you read, make notes in the table below

Europe Egypt and the Middle East I India Singapore Thailand Japan
Wearing shorts
Wearing shoes
Topless bathing
Crossing legs
Pointing
Blowing nose
Kissing (men)
Kissing (women)
Using left hand to eat
Asking for more food
Leaving food
Language

1.3. Put 5 questions to the text.

1.4. Translate the third part of the text.


Task 2. Restore the dialogue, translate into Russian, learn it by heart.

At the restaurant
a. – All, right. And what would you like for the main course?
b. – No, thanks.
1.c.- Are you ready to order?
d. –Really? I think I’ll have the hazelnut gateau and a cup of coffee, please.
e. – I’ll bring you a list wine, but I can recommend you – our red wine is good. Are you ready to
order dessert?
f. – Certainly. Thank you.
g. – What would you like to start with’?
h. – Certainly. I’ve already decided what I want.
i. – I’d like the Beef Madras, rave potatoes and peas, please. And what wine would you recommend us?
j. – Yes. Could I have the ravele glace au Grand Marnier.
k. – Almond soup please.
l.- Would you like an aperitif?
m.- I’m sorry, sin the ravele is off. But the hazelnut gateau or parfait are delicious.
Task 3. Learn how to write business letter.

XIII. .Write the date and the address for business letter
декабрь, 3, 1999;
Great Britain, Mediterranean Vacations, Evelyn Square, 113, Mr. T. Harvey. WC 12, London

XIV. Match the beginnings with the endings. Identify the type of the letter.
1. I am delighted to enclose a Skyways Holidays brochure for next season where you will find a host of bonus offers at selected hotels together with details of accommodation and prices.
2. I am writing in response to your advertisement in The Guardian of the 24th May. I would like to apply for the position of Personnal Assistant.
3. I am planning a trip to Europe this summer. I am writing to enquire about prices, the type of transport, accommodation and discounts that may be available during my touring holiday in France.

a. I have enclosed my curriculum vitae together with two references and would be happy to provide any further information if required.
b. I would be grateful if you could send me a brochure. I look forward to hearing from you soon.
c. If you have any specific questions, please call our Advice Helpline on 2647 87634. We look forward to welcoming you on a Skyways Holidays soon.

Task 4. Open the brackets and put the verbs in the right Tense and Voice.
1. Are you busy now? – Yes. I (to confirm) reservation for the room Mr. Green (to want).
2. The facilities (to include) whirlpool, children play ground, sports grounds and tennis court.
3. This hotel (to offer) small redwood cabins two years ago. It (to offer) simple hotel rooms with sturdy rustic wooden furniture this year.
4. – You already (to visit) a nine-hole-golf-course? – Yes, I (to be) to it. – When you (to go) there? – I (to be) there when you were having dinner.
5. If he (to hire) a car, he (can/to rest) assured that children safety seats are available.
6. Before the car (to be delivered) to you, it (to be thoroughly cleaned) both inside and out.
7. The horse races (to hold) along the main street last week.
XV. Citizens of The UK, Andorra, Australia, Belgium, Finland, Germany, Italy and some other
countries (to allow) to travel to the USA without a visa.

Task 5. Fill in the gaps with the articles where necessary.
1. Rooms are … simply furnished.
2. She has … jet-bike. … jet-bike is … new and … expensive.
3. Tourism brought … Gambia 415 million in foreign exchange.
4. Most of the holidaymakers who arrived in … Sierra Leone came from … France, followed by
5. … North America and … United Kingdom.
6. When you travel by … ship you’ll find it all seems like … home from … home.
7. We had … bad attack of flu and had to stay in … hotel room for … three days.

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