Variant 2

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Uploaded: 24.01.2016
Content: Вариант 2_готово.doc (78 kB)


4. They must notify the administration about the incident.

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Задание 8.
Прочитайте текст. Перепишите его и письменно переведите.
Definition of organized crime.
An organized crime is a crime in which there is more than one offender, and the offenders are and intend to remain associated with one another for the purpose of committing crimes. The means of executing the crime include violence, theft, corruption, economic power, deception and victim participation. Any crime may employ a number of these means. The objective of most organized crimes is power, either political or economic. These two types of objectives are not mutually exclusive and may coexist in any organized crime.
Organized criminal groups – secret, exclusive societies with their own rules and regulations – have been studied by sociologists and psychologists for decades.
There is no generally accepted definition of organized crime. Law enforcement agencies and researchers have identified a number of attributes as indicative of the phenomenon. So, organized crime:
a) is nonideological;
b) is hierarchical;
c) has a limited or exclusive membership;
d) is perpetuitous;
e) uses illegal violence and bribery;
f) demonstrates specialization (division of labour);
g) is monopolistic;
h) is governed by explicit rules and regulations.
A more general description of organized crime would be: any group of individuals organized to profit by illegal means on a continuing base.
Organized crime produces social, political and economic evils.

Задание 9.
Прочитайте текст еще раз и письменно ответьте на вопросы:
1. What means of executing crimes do you know?
2. How many attributes of the organized crime are identified in the text?


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