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IDENTITY IN ROBBERY
The main purpose of investigation of robbery is considered to find means by which the robber can be identified. The corpus delicti is usually easily proved by the evidence obtained from the victim.
Identity in some cases is likely to be made by the victim or other witnesses who recognized the robber by some identifying characteristics in his face or body, speech, clothing, mannerisms, license plates, etc. Witness may appear to identify his picture from others in identification bureaus. The description of the robber may correspond to some person in the vicinity (окрестности, соседство) and be identified that way. Sometimes identity may be learned through fingerprints, footprints, fibers or other physical evidence that will reveal a suspect. Ownership or possession of weapons can also be identified. Identity is also sometimes established by confession. Once the identity of the robber is known the next step is to apprehend him unless he is already taken. If taken and identified, the case is ready for prosecution.
Identity in Crimes of Malice (преступное намерение ), Assault (нападение)
Assaults are known to arise impulsively in many cases between people who are acquainted and in close proximity (близость) to each other. Usually in each case there are other witnesses to the assault, and identification of the assailant (противник, нападающая сторона) is easy. However, if only a description is available, quite possibly the assailant may be a nearby resident. Assault may appear to have been part of other crimes.
At any rate, the important problem then is to learn the identity of the assailant. The methods of determining a suspect are similar to those used in robbery. A description of the assailant should be secured, the victim should visit the rogues gallery (галерея преступников) and inspect the photographs of criminals, a search may be made in the vicinity and so on.