The answers to the exam on the discipline "Financial la

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Content: Финансовое право 60 вопросов.doc (341,5 kB)

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Description

1. The concept and function of Finance.
2. The distinctive features of public Finance from private.
3. The financial system of the Russian Federation.
4. Legal regulation of financial activities of the state and municipalities.
5. Financial legal acts.
6. The concept, subject and method of Finance.
7. System and sources of financial law.
8. The concept and classification of financial law.
9. Distinctive features of financial and legal norms.
10. The concept and characteristics of financial relations.
11. The concept and classification of subjects of financial relations.
12. Financial personality.
13. Structure (components) of financial relations.
14. The concept and mechanism of financial control.
15. The goals and objectives of financial control.
16. Subjects and objects of financial control.
17. Types of financial control.
18. The principles of financial control.
19. Methods of financial control.
20. New approaches to carrying out budget control.
21. The concept, subject and method of the budget law.
22. System and sources of budget law.
23. The concept and features of budgetary relations.
24. The concept of the budget system of the Russian Federation.
25. Budget classification of the Russian Federation.
26. The principles of the budget system of the Russian Federation.
27. Concept and types of budget violations.
28. The concept of fiscal coercion measures.
29. The concept of the budget process.
30. The participants of the budget process.
31. Part of the budget process.
32. Conflicts of interest in making the Federal budget and mechanisms out of them.
33. Financial responsibility in the budget law.
34. Legal regulation of revenues in the budget system of the Russian Federation.
35. Legal regulation of expenses in the budget system of the Russian Federation.
36. The concept and legal bases of the state and municipal credit.
37. Forms of state and municipal loan and their characteristics.
38. Financial legal relations in the sphere of state and municipal credit.
39. Concept, types and structure of state and municipal debt.
40. Framework for the management of state and municipal debt.
41. Tax law: concept, subject, method and sources.
42. The concept and features of tax legal relations.
43. The structure of the tax relations.
44. Tax personality.
45. The rights and duties of subjects of tax legal relations.
46. Required and elective elements of the tax.
47. Special tax regimes.
48. The concept, purpose and objectives of tax control.
49. Forms of tax control.
50. Tax checks: types and content.
51. The monetary system of the Russian Federation: concept, elements, legal framework.
52. Financial-legal regulation of money circulation.
53. Rules of conducting cash operations.
54. Concept and types of non-cash payments.
55. The concept and structure of Bank system of the Russian Federation.
56. The financial and legal status and functions of the Bank of Russia.
57. The legal status of credit institutions.
58. Legal basis of currency regulation and control.
59. The concept and legal bases of obligatory state insurance.
60. The concept and legal compulsory social insurance

Additional information

1. The concept and function of Finance.
Finance - economic category used by state and local authorities in the management of the company.
Signs of Finance:
money relation;
distribution ratio;
non-equivalent relation.
The concept of "Finance" is considered in two aspects:
the economic dimension.
Finance - economic relations arising about the formation, distribution and use of funds to implement tasks and functions of the state, its territorial subdivisions, enterprises, organizations and institutions;
the material aspect.
Finances - the funds accumulated in state funds of special purpose. Finance - cash funds of the state, its territorial subdivisions, enterprises and institutions, organizations.
Cash funds - a separate part of the financial resources have the target direction and the relative autonomy of functioning.
The contents of Finance - money relations, which are formed through cash funds of the state, its territorial subdivisions, enterprises, organizations and institutions.
Types of Finance:
centralized - are used to meet the total needs of the respective territory. Central Finance includes the money that is accumulated:
a) the state budget;
b) the state extra-budgetary funds; b)government and Bank loans;
g) the state personal and property insurance;
decentralised cash funds of enterprises, organizations, establishments used for production and social purposes, respectively the purpose of named entities and their proportions.
Decentralized Finance include funds of enterprises and organizations of all forms of ownership, institutions and public organizations, branch and interbranch off-budget funds;
local Finance - the combination of funds generated and used to solve issues on the territory of municipalities.
Functions of Finance:
the distribution fosters the development of a balanced and efficient production, the development of all its sectors to meet the needs of the society in order to best meet the needs of the people. With the help of Finance distributed the aggregate social product and national income;
the control lies in the fact that the government is using the finances and financial categories, exercises control over financial and economic activities of economic entities. With the help of Finance control the production and distribution of material and social benefits in the country.
Finance as an integral economic category have their own structure, which consists of several interrelated parts (institutions), each of which is characterized by its own peculiarities.
The set included in the Finance units (institutions) and their relationship forms the country´s financial system.
2.The distinctive features of public Finance from private.
Private Finance is the funds of legal persons and other organizations based on the principle of

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