Computer Engineering, Extra-mural Department, 2nd Year
Task I. Read the text, translate the words in brackets. Write out 5 adjectives and give their positive, comparative and superlative forms.
Computers are said to be 1) _______ (самое важное) invention of the 20th century. The history of computing hardware is the record of the ongoing effort to make it 2) _______ (быстрее), 3) _______ (дешевле), and capable of storing 3) _______ (больше) data.
The so-called "zeroth-generation" computers were based on metal gears or mechanical relays. Computers using vacuum tubes were called the first generation (mid-1940s). They were 4) _______ (очень большие), difficult to work with, besides, they needed a lot of electricity and had very 5) _______ (маленькая) memory.
Computers that used transistors and diodes (1956) became the second generation. Transistors were much 6) _______ (меньше) than vacuum tubes and generated 7) _______ (меньше) heat. The third generation computers used integrated circuits (silicon chips containing multiple transistors) (1964). The fourth generation computers are characterized by the use of microprocessors (since the 1980s). They could store up to 5 million bytes of data and work at 8) _______ (самых высоких) speeds.
In the 21st century, multi-core CPUs became commercially 9) _________ (доступные). Scientists are developing supercomputers, 10) ___________ (самые мощные) computers in existence.
0) Important – more important – the most important
2) …, etc.
Task II. Present Perfect or Past Simple? Choose the best option.
A Job Interview
Interviewer: So why (1) did you apply / have you applied for this position?
David: Well, (2) for / since the last three years I have been working in an interesting, but very small, company, and I now feel ready to move on to a bigger challenge.
Interviewer: Right. And can you describe what your responsibilities are at your current company, at Intertech?
David: Of course. Well, I (3) started / have started working there three years (4) since / ago , as I (5) said / have said, and until July 2013 I (6) was / have been responsible for the online catalogue. However, I was then promoted and put in charge of the design and maintenance of the entire website. In January 2014, I (7) have helped / helped to implement a new e-commerce system, which allows people to buy directly from the catalogue using ‘one-click’ ordering. It (8) was / has been very successful so far.
Interviewer: That’s very impressive. What about foreign languages? Your English is obviously very good, but do you speak any other languages?
David: Well, French – my mother tongue – obviously. I also (9) spent / have spent some time in Spain five years (10) since / ago as part of my degree, so I’d say I have intermediate Spanish. Interviewer: OK, just one more thing. (11) Did you / Have you ever had experience of people management?
David: Yes, absolutely. At Intertech I’m in charge of one member of staff – a web editor. I’ve never had any problems with the management side of my role; in fact, I really enjoy it.
Interview: OK, well that’s good news. Well, we need to have a think about it, but we’ll let you know ASAP.
David: Thank you for seeing me today. I look forward to hearing from you soon.
Task III. Match the English words and word combinations from the text below (task IV) with their Russian equivalents.
1) available A) социальные сети
2) affordable B) подобный
3) advantage C) делиться
4) to launch D) относительно
5) to share E) преимущество
6) to locate F) доступный по цене
7) social networking G) доступный, имеющийся
8) relatively H) жестокий
9) cruel I) запускать
10) similar J) определять местонахождение
Task IV. Read and translate the text
Online social networking
Online social networking is a 21st century phenomenon. Today, in the second decade of the century, internet service is widely available throughout the world and relatively aff