Сибит Экономика общественного сектора Вариант 2 тесты

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1. Why is it necessary GRE?
a) The political ambitions of the ruling circles;
b) the need to solve the economic problems that the market economy itself can not be solved;
c) the desire to ensure the country's defense.
2. What are the main differences between the state regulation of the economy in the developed, developing countries and countries with economies in transition?
a) the differences in regulatory agencies;
b) the scale of foreign capital to finance the national economy;
c) for the purpose of state regulation.
3. What determines the choice of the purpose of the state's economic policy?
a) against the government of the country of powerful foreign loans;
b) the severity of the specific problems in the economy;
c) by individuals to govern.
4. What, in your opinion, should be the primary goal of state economic policy of Russia?
a) the term of protection of the environment;
b) improve the sectoral structure of the economy;
c) the fight against unemployment;
d) ensuring accelerated growth;
d) early payment of external debt.
5. What are the polygons of state regulation of the economy?
a) achieving different effects;
b) a set of types of financing the government's economic policy;
c) the main objectives of the state regulation of the economy in their relationship.
6. Why to regulate the market economy along with economic administrative tools are used?
a) administrative tools used in situations and areas where economic instruments do not give the desired effect;
b) administrative tools easier to achieve increased investment and implementation of R & D results;
c) the organization of the government, with certain plnomochiyami always seek to use them, regardless of whether you need it or not.
7. What determines the effectiveness of moral suasion applied by state regulatory bodies in order to achieve economic and political goals?
a) from the threat of punishment for failure to appeal;
b) the intensity of the treatment of public media;
c) on the public confidence in the government and investors, recognizing its declared objectives is essential for the country.
8. For what purposes CBR sets mandatory minimum reserves?
a) to regulate the money supply and economic activity of economic entities;
b) to finance budgetary expenditure;
c) to provide additional financial resources to the Central Bank.
9. Which of these is an expense of the state budget?
a) payment of imports of goods;
b) military expenditures;
c) the cost of social and cultural needs;
g) Servicing the public debt;
d) housing;
e) salaries of media workers.
10. select the types and directions of the state budget expenditures for economic purposes, contributing to an increase in investment.
a) lending to small and medium-sized businesses;
b) the payment of external public debt;
c) the financing of education and culture;
d) investment subsidies.

Additional information

11. Скрытые резервы – это
а) нераспределенная балансовая прибыль;
б) незаконно полученная прибыль, укрытая от налогового инспектора;
в) разница между рыночной и балансовой стоимостью основных фондов;
г) деньги компаний, укрытые за границей с целью ухода от налогообложения и последствий инфляции на родине.
12. с какими из высказываний вы согласны, а с какими нет?
а) государственный сектор в рыночной экономике должен постоянно расширяться и во все большей степени брать на себя решение народно-хозяйственных проблем;
б) государственный сектор в экономике абсолютно не нужен, все его объекты надо приватизировать;
в) критериям эффективности государственного сектора в экономике является уровень его рентабельности.
13. Чем вызвано государственное экономическое программирование?
а) это один из основополагающих принципов рыночного механизма;
б) оно эффективно только в развивающихся странах;
в) оно является компонентным инструментом государственного регулирования экономики, когда рыночный механизм не обеспечивает решение важных общественных проблем.


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