I. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их. Под¬черкните слова, заканчивающиеся на -(e)s, и укажите, какую функ¬цию это окончание выполняет (показатель 3-го лица глагола в Present Indefinite, множественного числа или притяжательного падежа су¬ществительного):
1. Му younger sister studies at school. 2. There are no multi-storeyed buildings in small villages. 3. Ann´s mother allows her to play in the park. 4. The streets of our capital are crowded with cars and buses. 5. Last year Mary’s friends often came to visit her.
ІІ. Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения, содержащие формы сравнения прилагательных и наречий.
1. The sooner you come, the better it is. 2. Mary is the prettiest girl in our group. 3. I think that fairy-tales are more interesting than detective ato¬nes. 4. My sister is three years older than my brother. 9. If you work harder you will get better results.
III. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их, обра¬щая внимание на особенности перевода на русский язык определений, выраженные именем существительным:
1. Subway trains can run as fast as railroad trains. 2. We can see many brick houses in Minsk. 3. Salt water is heavier than fresh water. 4. Silk dresses are in fashion now. 5. There are no sea ports in our country.
IV. Перепишите следующие предложения и переведите их, обра¬щая внимание на особенности перевода слов it, one, that:
1. It was D. Mendeleyev who invented the Periodic Table of Elements.
2. One should always follow the doctor’s advice. 3. I didn’t like the flower and I asked the gardener to bring me another one. 4. It is important to dis¬cuss the results of this research work in time. 5. The experiment of Ann is more accurate than that of Mary.
V. Перепишите и переведите следующие предложения, содер¬жащие модальные глаголы и их эквиваленты:
1. Students must attend the lectures every day. 2. Jane is a good stu¬dent and can answer all your questions. 3. You may use a dictionary when you do your examination translation. 4. The mother had to consult the doctor as her child was crying all the time. 5. We are to prepare reports for the next lesson.
VI. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в них сказуемое, оп¬ределите и укажите его видовременную форму, переведите предло¬жения на русский язык:
1. Му sister was sleeping when 1 returned home yesterday. 2. Bob goes to see his parents every week-end. 3. I have not seen my school friends for many years. 4. They will have English classes tomorrow. 5. They did not tell me about the meeting.
VII. Перепишите предложения, подчеркните в них сказуемое, определите и укажите его видовременную форму и залог, предложения на русский язык:
1. Many houses are built in our city every year. 2. I was taken to the concert by my father yesterday. 3. He is being examined by the doctor now. 4. Lena will be met at the railway station by her cousin. 5. This just been shown on TV.
VIII. Прочтите и устно переведите следующий текст Перепиши¬те и письменно переведите 2-й и 3-й абзацы текста па русский язык.
I. The great English scientist Isaac Newton was bom in the little vil¬lage of Woohhorpe, not far from the old university town of Cambridge, on December 25, 1642. His father, a farmer, died before his son´s birth. Little Isaac was left to the care of bis mother, and uncle who sent him to school.
2. In his early years young Isaac could make different things with his own hands. And when he grew older he took a considerable interest in ex¬periments, especially in mathematics and physics.
3. According to Newton himself, his first physical experiment was car¬ried out in 1658, when he was sixteen years old. Wishing to find out the strength of the wind during a storm, he jumped against and before the wind and by the length of his jump he could judge about the strength of the wind.