Purification of natural gas by the acid components

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SUMMARY 3
INTRODUCTION 4
CHAPTER I LITERATURE REVIEW 7
1.1. Classification and characterization of chemical impurities 7
1.2. The classification process of gas purification from undesired impurities 8
1.2.1. Physical absorption 10
1.2.2. Catalytic cleaning methods 11
1.2.3. Chemical absorption 13
1.3. The choice of gas cleaning principles for the selection of sinks and technological schemes purification processes gas desulfurization 24
1.4. Selection of parameters removals 27
1.5. Technological schemes gas cleaning with aqueous solutions of ethanolamines 30
1.6. Areas of improvement of work of installations amine gas purification. 32
CONCLUSION 36
CHAPTER II FLOWSHEET 38
2.1. General characteristics of the installation of an amine gas treating at Astrakhan gas processing plant 38
2.2. Description of the technological scheme of cleaning plant of natural gas from acidic impurities 39
CHAPTER III CALCULATION OF TECHNOLOGY 48
3.1. Calculation of the absorber 48
3.2. Material balance of the absorber 50
3.3. The heat balance of the absorber 57
3.4. Technological schemes gas cleaning with aqueous solutions of ethanolamines 67
3.5. Calculation of the heat exchanger for the absorbent 68
CHAPTER IV CALCULATION OF MECHANICAL 70
4.1. Justification of the choice of the cabinet 70
4.2. Determination of wall thickness of the cabinet members and the permissible internal pressure 73
CHAPTER V ECONOMIC CALCULATION 83
5.1. Production program installation. 85
5.2. Calculating the cost of capital assets. 86
5.3. The definition of indicators on labor and wages. 87
5.4.Raschet payroll 89
5.5. The calculation of the cost of production. 93
5.6. The main technical and economic parameters of the installation. 100
CHAPTER VI SECURITY AND ENVIRONMENT PROJECT 101
6.1. General safety requirements. 101
6.2. Dangerous and harmful factors in the operation of the installation of natural gas amine treatment. 102
6.2.1.Himicheskie factors. 102
6.2.2. Physical factors. 107
6.2.2.1. Weather conditions in the workplace 107
6.2.2.2. Industrial Lighting 108
6.2.2.3. Noise and Vibration 109
6.2.2.4. Lightning 110
6.3. Meeting the requirements of the Russian legislation and regulations in the field of occupational safety, industrial safety and ekologichseki. 111
6.4. Fire safety. 112
6.5. Personal protection of employees. 115
6.6. The set of measures for environmental protection. Measures to protect the atmosphere. 116
6.7. Calculation of thermal insulation stripper. 118
CONCLUSION 120
References 121
The degree project consists of 122 pages, 36 tables, 9 figures, bibliography of 27 titles, includes an introduction, literature review, concluded flowsheet, process design, mechanical calculation, economic calculation and the section "Safety and environmental friendliness."

Additional information

REFERENCES
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14. Regulations installation 1-4 U-172 gas purification from acid components and carbon monoxide Astrakhan Gas Processing Plant
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27. Fomina EE, AB Aleksandrov, LD Komarov Problems in safety. Part I. Fire safety in the oil and gas industry. - M .: Russian State University of Oil and Gas. IM Gubkin, 2003 - 220c.

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