Lectures on the Philosophy in the form of questions and answers

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Uploaded: 07.01.2009
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Lectures on the Philosophy in the form of questions and answers

Question 1. cosmocentrism and basic concepts of ancient philosophy (Cosmos, Nature, Logos, Eidos, Soul) 1
Question 3. The Life and philosophizing Cokpama 1
Question 4. Platonism of Being (the problem of the status of ideas, Eidos) and knowledge of the soul. 3
Question 5. Aristotle's doctrine of the reasons, of matter and form. 4
Question 6. Hellenistic philosophy (general characteristics, basic schools and the problems). 4
Question 7. God, man and the world in the medieval Christian philosophy. 5
Question 8. Anthropocentrism and Humanism in Renaissance philosophy. 6
Question 9. rationalist metaphysics of the 17th century (Descartes, Spinoza, Leibniz) 7
Question 10. The Evolution of English empiricism 9
Question 11. The social philosophy of the French Enlightenment. 10
Question 12. Critical philosophy of Kant (the problem, the main problems and concepts). 12
Question 13. Kant's Ethical Theory. 15
Question 14. The system and method of Hegel's philosophy 16
Question 16 The essence of the materialist conception of history of Marx. Socio-economic formations 20
Question 17. Positivism 19th. (General characteristics and evolution). Positivism and science. 22
Question 18. Voluntarism Schopenhauer (1788-1860 gg.) "The World as Will and Representation" 23
Question 19. The "revaluation of all values \u200b\u200band immorality of Friedrich Nietzsche (1844- 1900). 24
Question 20. Psychoanalysis and philosophy of neo-Freudianism. 27
Question 21. Husserl and the basic ideas of phenomenological philosophy 29
Question 22. Existential philosophy (philosophies, challenges, concepts) 30
Question 23. The modern philosophical hermeneutics. H. - G. Gadamer 32
Question 24. PY Chaadayev about Russian history and philosophy of history. 35
Question 25. The development ideology of Slavophilism (Khomiakov, I.V.Kireevsky, K.S.Aksakov) 36
Question 26. AI Herzen (1812 - 1870) as a philosopher 38
Q27 FM Dostoyevsky about liberty and human responsibility 39
Question 28. Religious philosophy BC Solovieva (general characteristics and basic concepts) 41
Question 29. Russian "philosophy of unity" of the late 19th - early 20th centuries. Knowledge and Faith 43
Question 30. The existential-religious philosophy NA Berdyaev. Freedom and creativity. 44
Question 31 ontology, epistemology, axiology as the main sections of Philosophy 46
Question 32 categories as higher deliveries of being and level of cognition. 47
Question 33. The problem of the unity of the world and its solutions. 48
Question 34. Space and time. The substantial and relational concept of space and time. 49
Question 35. The main forms of movement. Evolution and revolution. Progress and regress. 52
Question 36. The principle of determinism. The categories of cause and effect. The reason and purpose. 54
Question 37. The concept of the ecosystem. Global environmental problems of modern civilization. 56
Question 38. The Descent of Man. The main factors antroposotsiogeneza. 56
Question 39. Man and his place in the world. The problem of life and death in the spiritual experience of mankind. 57
Question 40. Mind, thinking, consciousness. Sensual (sensation, perception, representation) and intellectual (conception, judgment, reasoning), the components of consciousness. 61
Question 41. The unconscious as a psychic phenomenon. The structure of the unconscious 61
42. The nature of the cognitive relation. The subject and object of knowledge. 63
Question 44. Truth is the goal of knowledge. The classical definition of truth and the path of its historical development. 64
Question 45. Social philosophy and theoretical sociology. 66
Question 46. The individual, personality, individuality. Freedom and responsibility of the individual. 66
Question 47. Public relations. 70
Question 48. The

Additional information

Вопрос 55. Роль научной рациональности в развитии общества. 77
Вопрос 56. Россия, Восток, Запад: диалог культур в современном мире. 78
Вопрос 57(хуёвый). Проблемы человека в современной культуре. 79
Вопрос 59. Средства и методы эмпирического познания. 79
Вопрос 60. Средства и методы теоретического познания. 79
Вопрос 61. Наука в системе культуры. 80
Вопрос 62. Современные концепции и модели развития науки и научного знания (неопозитивизм, Поппер, Кун, Лакатос, Фейерабенд, Холтон). 80
Вопрос 64. Понятия и виды объяснения и понимания. Соотношение понимающего и объясняющего подходов в различных науках. 83
Вопрос 65. Единство знания и проблема критериев выбора теорий. 84
Вопрос 66. Многообразие ценностных ориентаций науки как социального института. 84
Вопрос 67. Сциентизм и антисциентизм. 85
Вопрос 68. Классическая и неклассическая наука. особенности стиля мышления в науке 20 века. 86

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