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Why are electromagnetically recharged buses free to travel off the buslanes?
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Magnetic tracks for electric buses
1. One of the hindrances in the development of electric vehicles is the limited range afforded by battery power. A unique electric- bus fleet scheduled for a test run later this year in Santa Barbara, Calif., promises to be a step toward solving the problem for mass-transit systems. Systems Control Technology of Palo Alto, Calif., has designed battery-powered buses that can be recharged on the road, drawing their power from underground cables along the route. There is no physical contact between the bus and the cables. Instead, an electrical current running through the cables creates magnetic field that is picked up by conductors beneath the chassis and absorbed by 64 heavy-duty electrical cells that power the bus.
2. Unlike electric buses and trolleys that are fed from overhead cables, electromagnetically recharged buses are free to travel limited distances off the bus lanes using power stored in the battery cells. Unlike conventional battery-powered vehicles, overnight layover for recharging is not needed since the buses will replenish their power while on the go. Still, no one is
expecting this novel system to be cost-efficient yet. Developed for about $15 million, the system is strictly in a research stage.
In fact, riders of the experimental buses will not be charged a fare.
“Moscow News” from Newsweek (New York, N.Y)
1. Santa Barbara, Calif.- S-В., California
2. fleet (n) - флот; зд. парк (автомобилей)
3. Unlike (prep.) - в отличие от
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1. a number of - ряд (транспортных средств)
2. destination (п) - место назначения
3. indirect(ly) - непрямой, зд. косвенный
4. either .. .or .. - или.. .или...
5. unbelievable - невероятно
Transport for tomorrow
1. One thing is certain about the public transport of the future: it must be much more efficient than it is today. The time is coming when it will be quicker to fly across the Atlantic to New York than (for the London office worker, at least) to travel from home
to the office. The two main problems are: what vehicle shall we use and how can we plan out use of it?
2. There are already a number of modern vehicles which are not yet in common use, but which may become a usual means of transport in the future. One of these is the small electric car: we go out into the street, find an empty car, get into it, drive to our destination (either freely on a road as in a present-day car, or along. In fact, there may be no need to drive these cars. With automatic guidance system, it will be possible for us to select our destination just as today we select a telephone number, and or car will move automatically to the address we want. Payment for the journey could be made either indirectly through taxes (in other words, the journey would be “free”), or directly be means of a credit card.
3. Long journeys in private cars could also use automatic guidance systems. We can imagine a time when laying down the necessary equipment for a guidance system will be part of the normal motorway construction work, just as railway tracks have been laid down in the past. Arriving on the motorway, a driver will select the lane he wishes to use, switch over to automatic driving, and then relax - dream, read the newspaper, have a meal, flirt with his passenger - while the car does the work for him. Unbelievable? It is already possible. Just as in many ships and aircraft today we are piloted automatically for the greater part of the journey, so in the future we may also have this luxury in our own cars.