Task 1. Find the answers to these questions in the text which follows.
vvv) Who and when must be notified of the scheduled bunkering?
www) What information must the radiogram ordering bunkers include?
xxx) Whom will the person-in-charge of bunkering operations have to talk to?
yyy) What does the phrase “introduce oneself” mean?
zzz) By what means are bunkers brought to a ship?
aaaa) For what purpose and how are fuel samples taken?
bbbb) How long are they retained on board?
cccc) Why is it necessary to take flowmeter readings, or sounding, on the bunkering facility?
dddd) Does the fuel temperature effect the specific gravity of such fuel?
eeee) When are correction tables used?
ffff) What sort of signals and instruction does the engineer-in-charge give to the fuelling barge attendants?
gggg) What data are shown on the bunker receipts or invoices?
hhhh) Who checks, signs, and seals the bunker receipts?
iiii) What must the chief engineer do in case of abnormal discrepancy between his figures and the figures shown on the deliverer’s invoice?
Ordering Bunkers and Taking Them on
As soon as possible after a fuelling port has been designated the ship’s agent must be notified of that. The information transmitted to the agent must include the following items: (1) the name of the ship; (2) the estimated time of her arrival to the fuelling port (ETA); (3) the quantity and grade of fuel oil required; (4)the amount of cargo, if any, which will be handled during the port call.
Two days before the scheduled arrival, the ship sends to the agent a confirmation radiogram giving the time of arrival and the exact number of metric tons of ordered fuel.
The engineer-in-charge of bunkering operations should have the required skills of talking in English with the deliverers (suppliers) at all stages of fuel transfer.
He should know what to say and how to say it when a fuel barge has come alongside his vessel; how to welcome guests, treat them, introduce himself; what to say when accompanying visitors about the ship or discussing the fuel specification items...........
Task 2. Match each item in Column A, with appropriate item from Column B.
Task 3. Put these words in he right order to form a question.
52. the notified when ship’s is agent?
53. he what notified is about?
54. radiogram a is to when the confirmation sent agent?
55. the speak should fluent engineer English?
56. must in what the charge skills engineer have?
57. are fuel taken why samples?
58. to receipt who sign is bunker a?
Task 4. Complete the text with the correct form of the verb from the box. Some of the verbs are in the passive. Not all the verbs are used.
The main difference between crosshead and trunk-piston type engines____________ the manner in which the transverse thrust from the piston and connecting-rod ____________ up and the nature of the upper part of the connecting-rod. Crosshead engines____________ a piston-rod and trunk-piston engines ____ not.
The working parts of a crosshead engine____________ a piston head and rod, connected together. The crosshead block, pins and slippers ___________ an assembly which is _______ to the lower part of the piston-rod. The slippers_______ up and down with the crosshead assembly in the engine guide. The cross-head assembly ___________ to the crankshaft through the crosshead bearings (top-end bearings)and the connecting rod bearings (big or bottom-end bearings). When the crank_____ away from the top and bottom-dead-centre position the connecting rod_______ at an angle to the line of piston stroke and consequently, there_______ angularity.