I. Writing to translate the text KOSTROMA. Pay attention to the grammatical phenomena studied.
Kostroma, an ancient Russian city on the banks of the great Volga River, was founded in 1152 by Prince Yuri Dolgoruky and is justly called Moscow's sister-in-blood. The city is located 330 km to the north-east from Moscow at the confluence of the Volga and Kostroma rivers. Its centuries-old history is closely associated with the history of the formation and development of the Russian State. The future tsar Mikhail Romanov lived at the Ipatievsky Monastery in Kostroma. It was here that an embassy from Moscow offered him the Russian crown in 1612. The heroic peasant Ivan Susanin became a symbol of the city's resistance; several monuments to him were erected in Kostroma.
Kostroma now is an administrative, industrial and cultural centre of the Kostroma region.
One of the best preserved examples of the 18th century town planning, Kostroma retains some elegant structures in a "provincial neoclassical style." These include: Guard's House, Fire Tower, Rotunda on the Volga embankment, Arcaded Central Market with a Merchant Church in the centre, the Resurrection Church, Fine Arts Museum. Totally Kostroma counts 535 history and culture monuments including 60 monuments of all Russian value. There are five museums, three theatres, six exhibition halls in Kostroma.
Many outstanding people lived here. Our city is the native land of the founder of the first Russian theatre Fyodor Volkov. Famous playwright Viktor Rozov began his career in Kostroma. Many memorable places, history events in the city are connected with poet Nikolay Nekrasov, artist Boris Kustodiev,
general A. Yermolov, patron and creator of the Tretyakov Gallery Pavel Tretyakov, writer Alexei Pisemsky, philosopher Vasily Rozanov and others.
The greatest Russian playwright Alexander Ostrovsky lived and worked here.
Kostroma has high scientific and educational potential. There are four state higher educational institutions - Kostroma State Nekrasov University, State Technological University, State Agricultural Academy, ABC- Protection Military Academy.
Kostroma is an important transport node. Being in the past traditionally textile producing region, our city is today a modern multi-industrial centre. Mechanical engineering and metal-working, electronics and instrument making, furniture and light industry, electric power industry, manufacture of building materials, wood-working industry - all of them are branches describing new industrial shape of Kostroma. Our jewellers are famous not only in our country but also abroad.
Kostroma is a part of the "Golden Ring" of the Russian towns. The symbol of our city is a light sailing boat breasting the waves.
Kostroma is twinned with Aachen (Germany), Durham (England), Durham (USA), Samokov (Bulgaria) and other towns.
In 2005 for special merits in distribution of the European thinking City Kostroma was awarded with a Honour Flag of the Europe Council.
Kostroma is especially beautiful if you look at the city from a high hill. The noted poet Demyan Bedny said in one of his poems, "Kostroma is a city of smiles". This is due to the people who like their town and always welcome guests.
II. Perform writing grammatical tasks.
1. Expand the brackets. Pay attention to the education and translation
subordinate clauses of time and condition.
1) We (not begin) until Mr. Brown (come).
2) I am afraid the train (start) before we (arrive) home.
3) I'm sure they (write) to us when they (know) our new address.
4) You (be) late if you (not take) a taxi.
5) If you (help me) I (do) it.
6) As soon as I (read) the newspaper I (return) it to the library.