1. Read the text and do exercises after the text.
AN UNNATURAL DISASTER
Pressing economic and social problems have plagued the world´s developing
nations in the decades following World War II. The demand for natural
resources, the creation of jobs, and the need for more open land to settle
growing populations have led many nations to introduce deforestation programs.
Although a useful short-term solution to economic problems, deforestation
has disastrous consequences. Deforestation can decrease soil quality
and create erosion problems, reducing rich forests to wastelands. The destruction
of the tropical rain forests in Brazil threatens to alter the world´s climate
and contribute to the greenhouse effect.
Deforestation recently led to a major disaster in Thailand. The Thai government´s
30-year policy of encouraging logging resulted in the loss of fully
half the nation´s forests. A violent rainstorm that hit one of the deforested regions
in November 1988 created flash floods on the bare, muddy hillsides.
These floods killed 400 people and left thousands more injured and homeless.
If the forests had remained to absorb the downpour, floods would not have
threatened the valley´s residents. By ignoring the consequences of their actions,
Thai officials and loggers not only destroyed a vital resource but also
created a disaster. Experts say the destructive floods have set the region´s
economy back 20 years.
A) Decide whether the statements below are T (True) or F (False). If the
statement is false – write the correct sentence.
1. The text describes the air pollution.
2. People need more and more land to settle down.
3. Deforestation can increase soil quality.
4. Cutting forests is dangerous for people.
5. The destruction of forests can cause the change of the climate.
B) Answer the following questions.
1. What problem is described in the text?
2. What other environmental problems do you know?
3. Is the problem mentioned typical in our country and in your region?
4. Do you think our planet is in danger? Why?
5. Do you believe this problem is solvable?
6. What should everyone do to protect nature?
2. Read the text below and decide if the sentences are true or false. If the
sentence is true – write (T), if the sentence is false – write (F) and write
the correct variant.
1. Edison is famous for his great achievements.
2. He did not get any education at school.
3. He likes to visit a public library and read a lot of books every week.
4. Businessman bought his invention for two thousand dollars.
5. Edison considered that inspiration is more important than perspiration.
Edison is known as one of the greatest inventors of his time. He invented
so much that it is difficult to say which of his achievements is the greatest.
He was an experimenter and a practical man more than a theoretician.
Edison did not have any education. He went to school for only three
months. Then he left because the teacher considered him a dull boy. His
mother became his teacher. The boy loved books and his mother said that he
had a wonderful memory. When he first visited a public library and saw a lot
of shelves with books he decided that he would read all of them and then he
would know everything in the world. He measured the shelf and decided to
read a foot of books every week.
In 1868 Edison built his first patented invention – an electromagnetic device.
It is said that he planned to ask three thousand dollars for his invention,
though he secretly decided he would sell it for two thousand if necessary He
was invited to a meeting of businessmen who were interested in buying his
invention, but when he was asked to name a price he was very nervous and
quite unable to speak.
«It is no use asking us a big price», said one of the businessmen, «we’ve
already decided how much we will pay. Forty thousand dollars is our limit».