Gosy 2015 Financial University MOSCOW

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Uploaded: 20.01.2015
Content: 50120221517670.rar (259,44 kB)

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Questions to prepare for the state exam
(Extramural studies, 2014-15 account. Year)

Section 1. Theory of Finance
1. The essence of finance, their specific features. The role of finance in a market economy.
2. The main subjects of financial relations.
3. The financial resources as the material embodiment of the financial relations, their sources, types and forms.
4. Financial mechanism, its concept and purpose. Parts and elements of the financial mechanism. The main directions of improving the financial mechanism.
5. The concept of the financial system as a set of financial relationships and links in the sphere of the financial system. Factors determining the composition of the spheres and the links of the financial system.
6. Characteristics of the units and areas of the financial system of the Russian Federation.
7. Finance business organizations, the basic principles of their functioning. Types of financial relations of a commercial organization.
8. The effect of sectoral and institutional factors on the characteristics of the financial mechanism of commercial organizations.
9. Finance nonprofit organizations, the basic principles of their functioning. Types of financial non-profit organizations.
10. Effect of legal forms and activities on the features of the financial mechanism of non-profit organizations.
11. Features of the financial mechanism for different types of state and municipal institutions (budgetary, autonomous and state).
12. The concept of the financial market, its importance for the mobilization and allocation of temporarily free funds.
13. Elements and financial market participants.
14. Features of the formation and development of the financial market in the Russian Federation.
15. The need for and methods of state regulation of the financial market. Self-regulation in the financial market.
16. Prospects for the development of the financial market of the Russian Federation.
17. The concept of financial policy of the state, its legal basis, the content and meaning. Factors affecting the efficiency of the financial policy of the state.
18. Characteristics of modern financial policy of the Russian Federation.

Additional information


19. The concept of financial management, its functional elements. The main directions of improvement of financial management in various areas of the financial system of the Russian Federation.
20. Financial planning and forecasting as part of financial management, their concept, purpose and objectives.
21. Operational management of finances, its value. Features of the operational financial management in various fields and links of the financial system.
22. Financial control and its place in the management of finances.
23. The purpose and tasks, principles of financial control.
24. Types, forms and methods of financial control.
25. Characteristics of the legal framework of financial management in the Russian Federation, the need to improve it.
26. General characteristics of the management of state and municipal finances. Separation of powers of the legislative and executive authorities in the management of finances.
27. Characteristics of the financial management in the Russian Federation at the federal and regional levels, particularly the organization of municipal finances.
28. Government financial management in business organizations, changing their composition and functions, depending on the legal form of organization, type of activity, structure of the organization.
29. Government financial management in nonprofit organizations, changes in their composition and functions, depending on the legal form and type of activity.
30. Features of management of household finances.
SECTION 2. GENERAL THEORY OF TAXES

1. The economic content and essence of taxes, their role in the formation of budget revenues at all levels of the budgetary system of the state.
2. Keynesian views on the role of taxes and fiscal policy in achieving macroeconomic balance. The tax multiplier.
3. The Federal Tax Service of the Russian Federation: the objectives, functions and organizational structure.
4. The forms and methods of tax administration for subsoil use.
5. Tax administration in the Russian Federation: the content, objectives and functions. The role of the tax administration in the conditions of overcoming the consequences of the global economic crisis of 2008-2009.
6. Tax control: appointment, methods and forms of implementation. Ways to enhance the efficiency of tax control in the Russian Federation.
7. The tax burden and its impact on economic development and tax revenues to the budgetary system. A. Laffer Curve.
8. Main directions of tax policy of the Russian Federation for 2014 and the planning period of 2015 and 2016.
9. methods of taxation and implementation of the principle of justice. The impact of progressive taxation on income equality and economic status of the population. Lorenz curve.
10. Neoclassical views on the role of taxes and fiscal policy to ensure market equilibrium. Taxes as a built-in stabilizer for economic growth.
11. Forecasting and planning in taxation: the theoretical foundations, goals, objectives, scope of application.
12. The criteria for efficiency of tax administration and evaluation of tax inspections
13. The tax policy of the state: the content, goals, objectives. Types of tax policy.
14. The principles of taxation and their characteristics. The evolution of the principles of taxation. Implementation of the principles of taxation in the tax system of the Russian Federation.
15. The tax reform of 1998 and its significance for the development of the Russian tax system.
16. The tax system of the state: the concept, the constituent elements, factors of development.
17. Stages of development of the tax system of the Russian Federation and their characteristics

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