Management and Law Institute
The company "Alpha" produces consumer goods. The structure of the company´s revenue and expenses are presented in the following table
Exercise price, RUB / 85 pcs
Sales volume, pcs. 200
Variable costs, € / pcs 48
Fixed costs, rub. 4400
Consider options to increase profits in several ways:
1. Increase sales by 50% with an increase in advertising costs by 4 thousand. Rub.
2. The use of cheaper raw materials for 15 rubles. / Pc with a decrease in sales of 50 units.
Justify the adoption of solutions calculations.
Draw conclusions about the advisability of increased spending on advertising, or reducing quality of raw materials.
Enterprise "Birch" for the development of production requires additional funds in the amount of 3 000 rubles. At present, the company produces 500 units, selling them for 95 rubles. Variable costs per unit of output account for 68 rubles. Permanent company expenses - 10 000 pe. Balance Sheet 17 600 rubles. Of these borrowings (AP) - 7 800 rubles, own funds (SS) - 9500 rubles, accounts payable (CP) - 300 rubles... The costs of servicing the loan - 1 900 rubles. Make calculations on attraction of credit or issue of shares for the required amount (performance indicators and use of enterprise risk), provided that:
1. The price to let go of the products remains the same;
2. Variable costs will not change;
3. Means of maintenance loan on the condition of raising funds through a loan will increase by 700 rubles .;
4. The volume of sales increased by 50 units.
Convincingly prove his decision.
Spend a cost-benefit analysis of the investment project in various ways and make conclusions about the appropriateness of a particular investment in a variety of conditions (time, inflation, etc.).
Investment Period - 2 years.
Term of realization of the investment project - 5 years.
Inflation - 19% per annum.
The average bank rate on long-term deposits - 43% per annum.
profit investment income loan
Investments are carried out in two stages. In the first year, - 15 000, in the second year - 25 000 rubles.
The dynamics of profits from investments in productive activities by years: for 1 year - 6000; 2 year - 17,000; 3 year - 19,000; 4 - year - 24,000; 5 year - 7000.
A legal person (not a bank) bought a stake of 20 mln. Rub., Two days later it sold for 29 million. Rubles.
What income based taxation has been received?
From operations in the stock market with shares of Gazprom, which lasted 200 days, a gain of 1 mln. Rubles.
Determine the profitability of the operation, if the value of the investments it has made 2 mln. Rub.
We have the choice to invest in various financial instruments.
1. Buy a certificate with a maturity of 180 days at the rate of 20% per annum in the bank.
2. Buy OGSZ. Price bonds with the accumulated coupon yield (ACY) today is 600 rubles. Bond is retired after 155 days for 650 rubles. (Face value plus NAC).
Where profitable in terms of return to invest?
Legal person has acquired at auction MICEX OFZ at a price 97% of the nominal value. Treatment Period after purchase bonds amounted to 380 days. The coupon yield for the period was and was paid in the amount of 150, 100, 90, 85 rubles.
What is the rate of return, taking into account the taxation of the operation?
The bank offers to invest money for a deposit on the following conditions:
1 month - 40% per annum;
2 months - 41% per annum;
3 months - 42% per annum;
6 months - 42.5% per annum;
12 months - 48% per annum.
To determine which of these deposits is most advantageous taking into account the reinvestment?
One of the promises of banks at today´s contribution to the bank 20 thousand. Rub. 4 years pay 50 thousand. rub.
Does it make sense to invest money in the bank or invested in T-bills, which give 335% per annum. (We presume that during the 4 years of its T-bill rate change).