I. Turn suggestions on the Russian language, paying attention to the function of the pronoun "it".
1. It is not surprising that this company took part in a number of legal actions.
2. Avoiding litigation (or using it when it can be beneficial) should become an important part of any business´s strategic plans.
3. This system is flexible and Acts of Parliament can alter it.
4. Everybody knows that it was the aim of the opposition party at the last elections.
5. It is desirable to choose a lawyer who is an expert in civil cases.
II. Put the following sentences in the interrogative and negative form and translate them into Russian.
1. There are some special benches for the Government and the Opposition in the House of Lords.
2. Somebody must be present as a witness when you sign your will.
3. Today´s newspapers published something important about the changes in the judicial system of the USA.
III. Identify the function of the verb "to be" and "to have" and translate into Russian proposal.
1. A contract usually contains many clauses about what kinds of goods are to be supplied; who is to pay for transport; what prices are to be paid.
2. His claim for damages will be invalid.
3. The doctrine of precedent is a central feature of modern Common Law systems.
4. The government is considering various proposals, but there are arguments for and against the division.
5. He has to ground his complaint if he wants to have a compensation.
6. In recent times lawyers have made efforts to make their profession less mysterious.
IV. Turn suggestions on the Russian language, paying attention to the degrees of comparison of adjectives and adverbs.
1. The party that wins the greatest number of seats in Parliament takes power.
2. District councils provide services that cover a smaller area, where local control is more important.
3. Some modern legislation is as precise and comprehensive as a code in the Continental system.
4. Solicitors are not so remote as barristers are.
5. The more experienced a lawyer is in the United States, the greater salary he has.
V. Put the verbs in parentheses in the appropriate time and place the supply in the Russian language.
1. The leader of the majority party in the House of Commons usually (to become) Prime Minister.
2. The modern political system of Great Britain (to begin) over 200 years ago.
3. The Labour party (to have) strong links with trade unions since the date of its foundation.
4. You can not see the investigator now, he (to discuss) the case with the judge.
5. The students (to know) the results of the examination next week.
6. The two countries signed the treaty after the war (to finish).
VI. Turn suggestions on the English language, paying attention to the modal verbs.
1. Lawyers can work in various public institutions.
2. Members of the House of Commons should consider and discuss all the bills.
3. Witnesses have to testify during the trial.
4. What can you tell us about the legal system in the UK tomorrow exam?
5. No one should interfere in the internal affairs of that State.
VII. Read the text, write and translate into Russian on a proposal to:
a) a noun in the function definition;
b) a noun in the possessive case;
c) structure "there + be".
1. The courts of criminal jurisdiction include: the magistrates´ courts, which try the less serious offences and conduct preliminary inquires into the more serious offences; Crown Courts which try such cases as: homicide, violence against the person (excluding homicide), sexual offences, burglary, robbery, theft and handling stolen goods, fraud and forgery, criminal damage and other offences.