The relevance of the study due to the fact that money is a very important attribute of a market economy. From that, how the monetary system, largely depends on the stability of the entire economic development of the state.
The study of nature and the basic functions of money, the process of evolution of the monetary system, the organization and the development of money circulation, causes, consequences and ways to combat inflation is necessary for the subsequent analysis of the functioning of the entire financial system.
Money is an integral element of commodity production and develop along with it. The evolution of money, their history are an integral part of the evolution and history of commodity production, and the market economy. Stand out from the exchange of money have been great evolution. As the world of money and goods used metal (gold and silver). They have become money material as: possess a certain uniformity, the same quality; easily shared (connected);
concentrates more exchange value in a small volume.
Depending on the form of circulation of money are two types of monetary systems: the system of metallic currency system and circulation of credit money.
The money went a long and difficult path of development from the point of view of not only the complication of their economic nature and raising public role, and the creation of a variety of forms. Under the influence of changes in public attitudes, a form of expression which is money, and complications to the money market demands last periodically removed one form and acquired another, more adequate to the new conditions.
The history of money, in essence, is a process of gradual selection of individual items or special artificial forms best suited to serve as money in certain market conditions.
In the last four decades have seen a rapid evolution of money forms that led to the emergence of new means of payment - cash electronic money.
However, the market of electronic money is just being formed. Therefore, a number of problems - especially the formation of the market of electronic money, audience and safety, regulatory issues and some other aspects are currently poorly understood.
The topic of money - so deep and extensive that detail to cover all aspects of this phenomenon, at least in economic position is practically impossible. And then there is the philosophical, historical and psychological significance of what we call money. The research paper dismantled one of the most urgent and important today in order - the theme of evolution and modern forms of money in the economic system of Russia.
The purpose of the study -proanalizirovat evolution and modern forms of money.
To achieve this goal it is necessary to solve the following tasks:
- To consider the historical process of the evolution of money;
-Explore concept and essence of the functions of money;
- Analyze the basic theory of money;
- An analysis of paper-credit forms of money in Russia;
- Analyze the use of electronic forms of money;
- To analyze the structure and dynamics of the money supply in Russia;
- To conduct a comparative analysis of the Russian and world trends in the development of modern forms of money;
- To consider the prospects of cryptocurrency.
The object of research is money.
The subject of research is the process of formation and development of modern forms of money.
Regulatory base of the study were the Russian Constitution, the Civil Code, the concept of development of the Bank of Russia payment system up to 2015, the Federal Law of 02.12.1990 N 395-1 (rev. Of 11.04.2014) "On banks and banking activity", Federal za¬kon from 27.06.2011 number 161-FZ "on the national payment system" and other documents.
The theoretical basis of the study of final qualifying work served as fundamental research, presented in the works of Russian and foreign authors on the researched topic, namely, such as: Baryshev AV, Baldin KV, Galditskaya SN, MM Ishchenko,