DHS №2 English, option 4

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Uploaded: 15.12.2014
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Description

Variant 4

READING

Text 1

Read the article and fill in the gaps with words and phrases from the box.

What is more However On the plus side

In conclusion Also For one thing

For example In fact More than that


Living in the city

Living in a city has both advantages and disadvantages. (1) ___, it is often easier to find work, and there is usually a choice of public transport, so you do not need to own a car. (2) ___, there are a lot of interesting things to do and places to see. (3) ___, you can eat in good restaurants, visit museums, and go to the theatre and to concerts. What is more, when you want to relax, you can usually find a park where you can feed the ducks or just sit on a park bench and read a book. (4) ___, city life is full of variety and you never feel bored.

(5) ___, for every plus there is a minus. (6) ___, if you even have a job, but sometimes you can not afford many of the things here to do, because living in a city is often very expensive. It is difficult to find good, cheap accommodation. (7) ___, public transport is sometimes crowded and dirty, particularly in the rush hour, and even the parks can become very crowded, especially on Sundays when every city-dweller is looking for some open space and green grass. (8) ___, despite all the crowds, it is still possible to feel very lonely in a city. (9) ___, I think that city life can attract young people, who like the excitement of the city and do not mind the noise and pollution. However, many people, when they get older, and particularly when they have young children, often prefer the peace and fresh air of the countryside.


Text 2

Read the article about learning how to learn. Choose the best word (A, B or C) for each space (1 - 15).

There is usually one important (1) ___ missing from most school (2) ___. Very few students are (3) ___ how to organise their learning, and how to (4) ___ the best use of their time. Let´s take some simple (5) ___. Do you know how to (6) ___ up words in a dictionary, and do you understand all the (7) ___ the dictionary contains? Can you (8) ___ notes quickly, and can you understand them (9) ___? For some reason, many schools give learners no (10) ___ with these matters. Teachers ask students to (11) ___ pages from books, or tell them to write ten pages, but do not explain (12) ___ to do it. Learning by (13) ___ can be useful, but it is more important to have a genuine (14) ___ of a subject. You can (15) ___ a lot of time memorising books, without understanding anything about the subject!

1 A theme B subject C mark

2 A timetables B terms C organisations

3 A taught B educated C learnt

4 A get B make C take

5 A rules B examples C results

6 A find B look C get

7 A information B subjects C themes

8 A make B do C send

9 A afterwards B at last C lastly

10 A instruction B help C teaching

11 A memorise B remind C concentrate

12 A what B how C why

13 A the way B heart C law

14 A understanding B info rmation C success

15 A pass B use C waste


VOCABULARY & GRAMMAR TEST

Choose the correct item.

1 I think Peter is getting a bit ______, do not you?

A wide B fat C overweight

2 The exhibition of ______ art was successful.

A modern B moden C modernist

3 After leaving school, Ann ______ as a teacher.

A studied B learnt C trained

4 My sister ______ me how to draw.

A learned B taught C revised

5 I get to the railway station ______ this tram.

A by B in C with

6 Oleg ______ any relatives there.

A has not got B have not got C has got

7 There are many ______ in the classroom.

A children B child C childs

8 I gave him my address and he gave me ______.

A him B his C her

9 My wife did not speak ______ at the party.

A much B many C most

10 There ______ a monument to Gorky in Gorky Street.

A is B are C no

Additional information

TRANSLATION

Translate the sentences from English into Russian.

1 Olga is a woman of strong character and a kind soul.

2 He is an old bachelor.

3 People in some countries nod their head to mean ´yes´, and shake their head for ´no´.

4 Mr Green treats his students with respect.

5 All his efforts to fulfill the task have failed.

6 Compulsory education begins at five, and children attend primary school until they are eleven.

7 Some parents, who do not want their children to go to a comprehensive, pay to send their children to a private school.

8 Many prominent people made a great contribution to turning Tomsk into an education and cultural centre.

9 Makushin is widely-known as the person who paid much attention to public education.

10 You could see wooden houses and dirty narrow streets in Tomsk in the past.


WRITING

Comment on the following statement.

Living in the countryside has more advantages than living in a city.

Write 60-80 words.

Use the following plan.

• Introduction (state the problem)

• Arguments "for"

• Arguments "against"

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