Degree in Economics. Topic: Analysis and Forecasts of territorial proportions of Russia and Siberia Engineering

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Uploaded: 23.08.2006
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Description

Explanatory Note, 50 pages (10 tables)
57 sources
Applications 8 pages (7 tables)

Additional information

Contents:

Introduction: 2
Chapter I: Territorial proportion engineering industry
during the transition period.
§1. Analysis of the dynamics and territorial proportions of engineering
Industry.
1. General assessment of the sector 4
2. The state of machine-building production in regions of Russia. 10
§2.Analiz dynamics and territorial proportions of engineering
Industry Siberia. 18
Chapter II: Methodological approaches to the analysis and forecast of development
Engineering by Region.
The overall structure of assessment of the economic situation in the regions, the subjects of the Russian Federation. 25
Conceptual model of analysis of the economic situation in the regions of Russia. 26
Chapter III: Evaluation of forecasting trends in the development and deployment
Machine-Building Industry of the Russian Federation and Siberia.
§ 1. Forecasts of development engineering of the Russian Federation until 2005. 34
§2. Forecasts for the development of mechanical engineering in Siberia 39
Conclusion: 44
References. 47
Applications: 50


Introduction:

The choice of this theme was due to the exigencies of the situation in the MP of the Russian Federation. The domestic economy is now characterized by a large decline in production and the sharp disparities of development. Difficult situation in the economy of the country is compounded by the crisis situation of one of its most important industries - engineering.
Machine-building complex is the main link fondosozdayuschim economies and on its functioning directly depends on the state of the productive apparatus of the country, its level of quality. In recent decades, machine-building complex was formed in accordance with the current needs of the economy and national defense, and for a specific range of end products. As a result the subject-specialized companies with very rigid technological constraints, low flexibility and mobility of production.
By the early 90s. engineering in crisis. The structure of its end products at different weights and a high degree of militarization. Decreased updatable articles, depreciation of fixed assets has reached 50%, the average age of employees close to 50 years. It was a high level of concentration and monopolization of production and large areas of excess, inefficient manufacturing activity. Only about a quarter of new technologies to meet international standards. In 1992-96. because of price liberalization and the reduction of purchases of engineering products for government needs dramatically decreased the capacity of the market of investment and complex consumer goods, as well as weapons and military equipment. As a result, there was a contradiction between the needs of current production, defined plazhesposobnym demand, and the need to upgrade technology due to promising investment demand.
Based on the foregoing, it is an important and useful evaluation of the prospects of development of mechanical engineering and structural changes in terms of the implementation of the possible scenarios of economic development as a whole. The need for such an approach due to the fact that the development of mechanical engineering and at a time determined by socio-economic objectives facing the national economy. One of very promising areas of it - an effective program of restructuring industries and update the list of products that can compete with similar products Western.
The aim of this work was to develop some areas of possible improvement of the placement machine-building enterprises and forecasting trends in the development of engineering, depending on the input data, consisting of the main assumptions and parameters specific variants of the national economy.
To achieve this, analyzes the causes of the crisis the industry is considered its current state, estimated resource-technological and market potential of engineering and discusses the possible scenarios of economic dev

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