Crib Philosophy

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Uploaded: 27.05.2015
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Cheat sheet for 40 questions arranged and shortened

Questions on the Philosophy course

1. Philosophy as the self-consciousness of the era. The interaction of philosophy with science, art, religion, law. 2
2. Fundamental problems of ancient philosophy. The prerequisites for the rise of science 4
3. Patristics. Philosophical problems of the old and New Testament 7
4. The dialogue between faith and knowledge in the philosophy of the middle ages. The synthesis of the scholastic philosophy of Thomas Aquinas. 9
5. The Rationalism Of Descartes. The content and features of the rationalist methodology 11
6. The Philosophy Of F. Bacon and its role in the methodology and practical orientation of the new science 13
7. The philosophical teachings of Kant. "Critique of pure reason". "Criticism of practical reason" 14
8. The development of dialectics in German classical philosophy 16
9. The formation and development of Marxist philosophy. Neomarxism 18
10. Main currents of philosophy of the twentieth century: a General overview and main issues 21
11. Matter how philosophical and scientific category. The basic attributes of matter. Scientific advances in the knowledge of the material world 24
12. The problem of consciousness in philosophy. The structure of consciousness. The role of science in the study of consciousness 27
13. The truth in the system of scientific and philosophical knowledge. The dialectic of the process of knowing the truth. The criterion of truth 29
14. Main categories and laws of dialectics, their methodological significance in cognition 31
15. The problem of language and thinking. Philosophy of language 35
16. Nature, as an object of philosophical reflection. The laws of nature and laws of society. Characteristics of social and natural laws 37
17. Empirical and theoretical foundations of scientific knowledge 40
18. Forms and methods of scientific and philosophical knowledge 42
19. The development of the epistemology of the twentieth century (T. Kuhn, I. Lakatos, P. Feyerabend) 44
20. System method in cognition. Features of the system "man-society-biosphere-space" 45
21. Synergetics as a new paradigm of scientific knowledge 47
22. The problem of the subject of the historical process. Social determination of freedom of choice 48
The social role of the elite 48
23. The category of existence in philosophy. The dialectic of being and consciousness in the social life of 50
24. The role of the economic life in the development of culture and civilization. The dialectic of material and spiritual production 52
25. Social and political structure of society. Social differentiation and integration of society. The problem of social justice 54
26. Political and spiritual life of society. The possibility of a scientific approach to politics in social relationships 57
27. Human nature as a problem. The place of man in Space 59
28. The problem of man in the Russian philosophy of the XX century (on the example of personalities selectable) 62
29. The inner world of man and the problem of the formation of the human "I" 64
30. Philosophical foundations of anthropology 66
31. The concept of culture and ecological culture. The culture and civilization. Features of development of modern civilization 67
32. The ratio of national and universal. The problem of ethnogenesis in the historical development 69
33. Social progress and its criteria as a problem of philosophy. The concept of sustainable development and globalization 70
34. Main contradictions and tendencies of development of modern civilization. Global problems of modernity as a subject of scientific knowledge 72
35. Features of the modern scientific picture of the world 73
36. Philosophy and natural science in Russia in the XIX – early XX century. 75
37. Science in the modern world. The social function of science. Ethics of science 77
38. Scientific basis noospheregenesis 78
39. Category values in philosophy. Cognitive and axiological attitude t

Additional information

Cheat sheet for 40 questions arranged and shortened

Questions on the Philosophy course

1. Philosophy as the self-consciousness of the era. The interaction of philosophy with science, art, religion, law. 2
2. Fundamental problems of ancient philosophy. The prerequisites for the rise of science 4
3. Patristics. Philosophical problems of the old and New Testament 7
4. The dialogue between faith and knowledge in the philosophy of the middle ages. The synthesis of the scholastic philosophy of Thomas Aquinas. 9
5. The Rationalism Of Descartes. The content and features of the rationalist methodology 11
6. The Philosophy Of F. Bacon and its role in the methodology and practical orientation of the new science 13
7. The philosophical teachings of Kant. "Critique of pure reason". "Criticism of practical reason" 14
8. The development of dialectics in German classical philosophy 16
9. The formation and development of Marxist philosophy. Neomarxism 18
10. Main currents of philosophy of the twentieth century: a General overview and main issues 21
11. Matter how philosophical and scientific category. The basic attributes of matter. Scientific advances in the knowledge of the material world 24
12. The problem of consciousness in philosophy. The structure of consciousness. The role of science in the study of consciousness 27
13. The truth in the system of scientific and philosophical knowledge. The dialectic of the process of knowing the truth. The criterion of truth 29
14. Main categories and laws of dialectics, their methodological significance in cognition 31
15. The problem of language and thinking. Philosophy of language 35
16. Nature, as an object of philosophical reflection. The laws of nature and laws of society. Characteristics of social and natural laws 37
17. Empirical and theoretical foundations of scientific knowledge 40
18. Forms and methods of scientific and philosophical knowledge 42
19. The development of the epistemology of the twentieth century (T. Kuhn, I. Lakatos, P. Feyerabend) 44
20. System method in cognition. Features of the system "man-society-biosphere-space" 45
21. Synergetics as a new paradigm of scientific knowledge 47
22. The problem of the subject of the historical process. Social determination of freedom of choice 48
The social role of the elite 48
23. The category of existence in philosophy. The dialectic of being and consciousness in the social life of 50
24. The role of the economic life in the development of culture and civilization. The dialectic of material and spiritual production 52
25. Social and political structure of society. Social differentiation and integration of society. The problem of social justice 54
26. Political and spiritual life of society. The possibility of a scientific approach to politics in social relationships 57
27. Human nature as a problem. The place of man in Space 59
28. The problem of man in the Russian philosophy of the XX century (on the example of personalities selectable) 62
29. The inner world of man and the problem of the formation of the human "I" 64
30. Philosophical foundations of anthropology 66
31. The concept of culture and ecological culture. The culture and civilization. Features of development of modern civilization 67
32. The ratio of national and universal. The problem of ethnogenesis in the historical development 69
33. Social progress and its criteria as a problem of philosophy. The concept of sustainable development and globalization 70
34. Main contradictions and tendencies of development of modern civilization. Global problems of modernity as a subject of scientific knowledge 72
35. Features of the modern scientific picture of the world 73
36. Philosophy and natural science in Russia in the XIX – early XX century. 75
37. Science in the modern world. The social function of science. Ethics of science 77
38. Scientific basis noospheregenesis 78
39. Category values in philosophy. Cognitive and axiological attitude t

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