Control English №2. Option 2.

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I. Прочитайте и перепишите следующие предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них модальный глагол. Переведите письменно эти предложения на русский язык.

1. Can you speak any foreign languages?
2. Everyone must obey the law.
3. Everybody should eat more fruits and vegetables.
4. She may say anything she wants.
5. You ought to help your friend.

II. Прочитайте и перепишите приведенные ниже предложения, подчеркните в каждом из них синоним или эквивалент модального глагола. Определите модальный глагол, синонимом или эквивалентом которого он является. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
(См. образец выполнения 1 в варианте 1)

1. Tom might not be able to come tomorrow.
2. She stayed in bed this morning because she didn’t have to go to work.
3. According to the contract, the goods are to arrive at the port at the end of the week.
4. As the manager was out he had to wait for five minutes.
5. She was allowed to practise the piano any time.

III. Прочитайте и перепишите приведенные ниже предложения. Подчеркните в каждом из них глагол в Passive Voice, проанализируйте данные глаголы и письменно переведите эти предложения на русский язык.
(См. образец выполнения 2 в варианте1)

1. On festive occasions sweets are served at the end of a meal.
2. She stood in the shadows of the jungle, knowing that she must have been followed by the Indians.
3. All tickets had been sold before we got in the theatre.
4. Students will be examined next Friday.
5. “A Farewell to Arms” was published in 1929.

IV. Прочитайте и перепишите следующие предложения. Подчеркните в них глаголы to be,
to have. Определите по грамматическим признакам, являются ли указанные глаголы: а) смысловыми; б) вспомогательными; в) эквивалентами или синонимами модального глагола (и какого); г) глаголом-связкой.

1. The first Christmas trees were introduced in Britain about 150 years ago.
2. Christmas is only a few weeks away, so I have made a list of my favourite toys to send to Santa Claus!
3. Alf played very well but in the end Jack was able to beat him.
4. Gary Kasparov had to work hard but finally it paid and he became world chess champion.

V. Перепишите предложения с выделенными в них словами и переведите данные предложения, обращая внимание на перевод выделенных словосочетаний.

1. It is the statistical analysis which is of great importance for proper planning.
2. It was our relatives who sent us that telegram.
3. My daughter could neither read nor write when she went to school.
4. We’ll either be going to the theatre or the cinema this week-end.
5. Both my sister and I were upset when we heard the news.

VI. Прочитайте и письменно переведите следующий текст.


One of the most striking features of English life is the self-discipline and courtesy of people of all classes. There is little noisy behaviour, and practically no loud disputing in the street. People do not rush excitedly for seats in buses or trains, but take their seats in queues at bus stops in a quiet and orderly manner.
Englishmen are naturally polite and are never tired in saying "Thank you", "I´m sorry", "Beg your pardon". If you follow anyone who is entering a building or a room, he will hold a door open for you. Many foreigners have commented on a remarkable po¬liteness of the English people.
English people don´t like displaying their emotions even in dangerous and tragic situations, and ordinary people seem to remain good-tempered and cheerful under diffi¬culties.
The Englishman does not like any boasting or showing off in manners, dress or speech. Sometimes he conceals his knowledge: a linguist, for example, may not mention his understanding of a foreigner´s language.
The Englishman prefers his own house to an apartment in a block of flats, because he doesn´t wish his doing to be overlooked by his neighbours. "An Englishman´s house is his castle."


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