Concept lies. natural sciences., the card answers to th

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Exercise 1.
Question 1. What is the science, which is a unified system of knowledge about nature as a single integrity-ness?
1. psychology
2. philosophy
3. Natural science
4. physics
5. Systems Theory
Question 2. Do you think that is the basis of differentiation of knowledge?
1. The national isolation of scientists from different countries
2. The specialization of knowledge
3. The ideological aspect (the difference in the views of scientists)
4. The use of the natural sciences apparatus of differential calculus developed by Newton Mr.
5. comprehensive approach to solving global problems
Question 3. What is the process associated with the formation of complexes of interacting natural sciences?
1. The scientific revolution
2. differentiation of knowledge
3. visualization
4. Integration of knowledge
5. abstraction
Question 4: What is the name of science at the interface of several traditional and emerging science in the result of the re-unification of research methods?
1. the exact sciences
2. natural sciences
3. Social Sciences
4. Interdisciplinary Science
5. engineering science
Question 5. What is the science of right to apply for a special role in the natural sciences?
1. chemistry
2. biology
3. mathematics
4. physics
5. astronomy

Task 2.
Question 1. What term defines the basis of everything in the teaching-Pythagoreans philosophers?
1. air
2. water
3. The number of
4. fire
5. atom
Question 2. What is the contribution made to the Pythagorean school of the development of science?
1. developed a doctrine of causality
2. developed a materialist approach to the study of nature
3. introduced into science the idea of the existence of quantitative laws
4. developed atomistic representation
5. formed heliocentric concept of the Universe
Question 3: Who was the author of the poem "On the Nature of Things", setting out the basic ideas of the ancient atomic theory?
1. Democritus
2. Epicurus
3. Pythagoras
4. Lucretius Carus
5. Nero
Question 4: What is the doctrine of nature into a single undifferentiated science - Greek philosophy, characterized by the direct contemplation of the world as a whole and speculative conclusions?
 1. astrology
 2. natural philosophy
 3. alchemy
 4. cosmology
 5. psychology
Question 5. Which of the following Greek thinkers made a major contribution to the logical lin-tion of natural philosophy in the IV. BC. ?
 1. Aristotle
 2. Sophocles
 3. Archimedes
 4. Euclid
 5. Socrates
Task 3.
Question 1. What is the area of knowledge gained through the teachings of the independent development of Archimedes´ bodies equilibrium?
1. statics
2. acoustics
3. optics
4. thermodynamics
5. chemistry
Question 2. What is scholasticism?
1. The science of nature
2. The religious-idealist philosophy
3. Practical activities
4.religiya
5. materialist philosophy
Question 3. Which of the philosophers criticized in the XIII century. scholasticism and delivered a program of reform of science?
1. Heron
2. Vitruvius
3. Newton
4. Kepler
5. Bacon
Question 4: How many planets in the solar system has been known to the time of Copernicus geliotsentriche-tion system of the universe?
1.chetyre
2.pyat
3.shest
4.tri
5.sem
Question 5. Which of the following scientific achievements belong to Galileo?
1. The creation of the theory of the lever
2. The opening of the laws of planetary motion
3. The development of the experimental method of nature study
4. The establishment of the doctrine of equilibrium of bodies
5. The measurement of the distance from the Earth to the Moon
Task 4.
Question 1. Which concept is the basis of the scientific method of Francis Bacon?
1. deduction
2. The model
3. system
4. induction
5. contemplation
Question 2. What is the scientist of the XVII century. It created a unified scientific and philosophical system based on the postulates of the existence of a continuous substance which fills the entire space, and its mechanical

Additional information

Task 5.
Question 1. Which of the principles of natural science was first formulated by Galileo?
1. The principle of subsidiarity
2. The principle of equivalence
3. The principle of relativity
4. The principle of the constancy of the speed of light
5. The principle of symmetry
Question 2. What is meant by the concept of invariance?
1. immutability of physical quantities in the transition from one frame to another
2. The property of the electric charges in the region to interact
3. proportionality of force and acceleration
4. The equality of action and reaction
5. The dependence of the rate of propagation of electromagnetic waves from the properties of the medium
Question 3. What is included in the classical mechanics of Newton?
1. the question of expansion of the universe
2. The solution to the problem of the motion of bodies with velocities close to the speed of light
3. Description of the light waves
4. The wording of the three laws of mechanics
5. consideration of the nature of fundamental interactions in nature
Question 4. Who discovered the laws of planetary motion?
1. Kepler
2. Galileo
3. Copernicus
4. Archimedes
5. Newton
Question 5. What is the law expresses the common property of all bodies attract each other with a force proportional to the product of the mass of bodies and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between them?
1. The law of inertia
2. The law of action and reaction
3. The law of universal gravitation
4. The law of free fall of bodies
5. The law of conservation of momentum
 Task 6.
Question 1. What are the effects associated with changes in body temperature or the transition body of odiogo state (on-example, liquid) to another (solid or gaseous)?
1. acoustic phenomena
2. The electromagnetic phenomena
3. mechanical phenomena
4. thermal phenomena
5. The optical phenomena
Question 2. What is the caloric?
1. The electromagnetic field
2. chemical element
3. hypothetical weightless liquid
4. The collection of molecules
5. The collection of atoms
Question 3. Which of the following scientists gave a quantitative formulation of the law of conservation of energy?
1. R. Meyer
2. M. Lomonosov
3. Lavoisier
4. Boltzmann
5. B. Thomson
Question 4. How is called the law of conservation of energy in thermodynamics?
1. The principle of entropy increase
2. The first start
3. The second law
4. compliance with the principle of
5. The principle of inertia
Question 5. What is the sensational conclusion that accompanied the development of the fundamentals of thermodynamics with the propagation of its second-lence at the beginning of the entire universe?
1. The expansion of the universe
2. The heat death of the universe
3. Big Bang
4. Large Cotton
5. recession of galaxies

Task 7.
Question 1. What scientific work has a first systematization of electrical and magnetic phenomena?
1. "The General Theory of Terrestrial Magnetism" Gauss
2. Galvani treatise "On the strength of electricity during muscle movements"
3. "On the magnet, magnetic bodies and the great Earth magnet" Hilbert
4. "A Treatise on Electricity" Maxwell
5. "Experimental Researches in Electricity" Faraday
Question 2. Which of the following factors is the basis of the theory of electricity and magnetism Hilbert?
1. The discovery of galvanic electricity
2. The recognition of the independence of electric and magnetic phenomena
3. The theory of electromagnetism
4. The recognition of the existence of electromagnetic waves
5. The discovery of electromagnetic induction
Question 3. What discovery was proof of the existence of the connection between electrical and magnetic phenomena-governmental?
1. The discovery of Kepler
2. The opening of the University
3. The discovery of Snell
4. The discovery of Oersted
5. The opening of the Galileo
Question 4: What is the term used to denote the Faraday material environment, the transmit electric-mechanical and magnetic interaction?
1. charge

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