answers for the exam in Roman law

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Uploaded: 30.11.2009
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1. Concept, subject of Roman law.
2. Sources of Roman law, their characteristics.
3. Types of laws, their structure.
4. The forms of enforcement.
5. Definition and types of lawsuits.
6. Characteristics legesactio.
7. Characteristics Per formulas agree.
8. Characteristics of Extra ordinem cogniti.
9. Characteristics of the components of the formula praetorian.
10. The concept and types of lawsuits.
11. Actions and regulations that made Praetor.
12. The concept of limitation.
13. The characteristic of an individual.
14. Characteristics of the legal status of slaves.
15. Characteristics of the legal status of peregrine.
16. Characteristics of the legal status of coloni.
17. Characteristics of the legal status of latini.
18. Characteristics of the legal status of libertini.
19. Limitation (derogation) to the honor.
20. Characteristics of the legal entity.
21. Agnatio and Kognatio.
22. The concept of marriage requirements for getting married.
23. The forms of marriage ceremonies.
24. The forms of marriage, their characteristics.
25. Termination of marriage.
26. Property relations of spouses.
27. The establishment of paternal authority.
28. Termination of paternal authority.
29. The status of subservient children.
30. Tutela and cura - the concept, the characteristic differences.
31. Definition and classification of things.
32. The concept of possessio, types, acquisition, termination.
33. The right of ownership - a concept acquisition, termination.
34. Types and characteristics of lawsuits to protect property rights.
35. Types of property rights.
36. Servitus - the concept, the establishment, termination.
37. Types Servitus, their characteristics.
38. Liability law - the concept, the characteristics, the base occurrence.
39. The subject of the parties, causa, defects in liabilities.
40. Lien.
41. The method of securing obligations.
42. Termination of Obligations.
43. The notion of contracts, their types, characteristics.
44. Covenants and torts - system characteristics.
45. Inheritance law - types of inheritance.
46. \u200b\u200bLegati and fideicommissa.

Additional information


1. Concept, subject of Roman law

Roman law system consists of two areas:
Private law (ius privatum) expresses and defends the interests of private individuals.
Public Law (ius publicum) expresses and defends the interests of the state, regulates relations between the state and individuals.

Roman private law system includes:
1) characterization of natural and legal persons;
2) contracts and other. Obligation relations
3) the right of ownership and other. Property rights
4) Family Law
5) inheritance
6) protection of individual rights
7) the teaching of claims and litigation
8) the right servtitutnoe

The distinguishing features of the Roman private law are:
 detail
 legal level. the form and legal. equipment
 the institution of the contract
 construction and clarity of argument,
 the accuracy of the wording,
 concreteness and practicality rights
 compliance with all the legal conclusions of the interests of the ruling class.

Roman private law was presented to the three branches:
1) rules kviritskogo (civilized) right - the rules of the ancient law, only in relations between the Quirites - Roman citizens.
2) pretorskoe right (ius praetorium) - grew out of praetorian edicts (principles of good conscience, justice, humanity).
3) "the right of peoples» (ius gentium) - absorbed the law of Greece, Egypt, Rome.
Gradually going convergence of all three systems of law. By the middle of the IV. All three systems have formed a single Roman private law.

The basic principles of public law.
1. Conservatism. Great respect for the old rules, stressing the inviolability of law.
2. progressive. Without the right to cancel the old praetors to develop new standards.

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