Вариант № 3
Задание № 1. Прочитайте и письменно переведите текст.
Canada is the second largest country in the world. It covers the northern part of North America. The total area of Canada equals to almost 10 million square kilometres. Canada’s only neighbour is the USA. The border between the two countries is the longest unguarded border in the world. The country is bounded by three oceans – the Pacific, the Arctic and the Atlantic. Its vast area includes some of the world’s largest lakes and countless smaller ones. One-third of all fresh water on Earth is in Canada.
The climate in Canada isn’t mild. It has four very distinct seasons, it can be very hot in summer – to 35°C above zero and higher, and quite cold in winter – 25°C below zero and even colder. The population of Canada isn’t dense. There are only about 30 million people living in Canada which is very little if we compare the territory of Canada with the UK where 60 million people live.
Canada is a constitutional monarchy. It is a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and the British monarch is its official head of the state. But the monarch doesn’t rule, the monarch in Ca-nada is the Governor General. The Governor’s duties are limited to symbolic, mostly ceremonial acts.
The real power belongs to the Prime Minister and his Cabinet. The Canadian Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Commons and the Senate.
There are two official languages in the country: English and French. All Canadian children have to learn both French and English at school.
The capital of Canada is Ottawa. The capital is governed by a 24-member city council consisting of 23 councilors. The capital has responsibility for all municipal services, including fire, ambulance, police, parks, roads, drinking water, etc.
Ottawa is situated on the south bank of the Ottawa River. The oldest part of the city is known as Lower Town, and occupies an area between the canal and the rivers. Centre town is often called “downtown”; it is the city’s financial and commercial part.
Parliament Hill situated between Centre town and the Ottawa River is home to many of the capital’s government buildings, including the Peace Tower, and the legislative seat of Canada.
Ottawa is politically diverse. Most of the city traditionally supports the Liberal Party. The southern and western parts of the old city of Ottawa generally support the Conservative Party. Ottawa is home to a wealth of national museums, official residences, government buildings, memorials and heritage structures. The capital is served by a number of airlines, railways and by a network of freeways.
Задание № 2. Дайте ответы на вопросы по тексту “CANADA” (задание № 1).
1. Is Canada the first or second largest country in the world?
2. Canada is a constitutional monarchy, isn’t it?
3. Does the real power belong to the Prime Minister or to the Queen?
4. What two official languages are there in the country?
5. Is Ottawa politically diverse?
Задание № 3. Задайте 5 вопросов к предложению (общий, альтернативный, разделительный и 2 специальных).
Canada is the second largest country in the world.
Задание № 4. Данные предложения из текста (задание № 1) содержат слова с окончаниями -s, -es, ’s. В каждом предложении определите, какую функцию выполняет окончание (-s, -es, ’s), обращая внимание на его грамматические признаки, т.е. является ли оно:
a) показателем третьего лица единственного числа глагола в Present Indefinite Active;
b) признаком множественного числа имени существительного;
c) показателем притяжательного падежа имени существительного.
1. The Canadian Parliament consists of two chambers: the House of Commons and the Senate.
2. Centre town is often called “downtown”; it is the city’s financial and commercial part.
3. Parliament Hill situated between Centre town and the Ottawa River is home to many of the capital’s government buildings.
4. Most of the city traditionally supports the Liberal Party, although on