ВАРИАНТ № 1
1. Раскройте скобки, употребляя глаголы в нужном времени. Переведите рассказ на русский язык.
A young housewife (to be) Very fond of window-shopping; When her husband (to leave) for his office she (to run) to the neighboring department store, and (to visit) every department of it, but (to take) care not to spend a single penny.
One day the salesman of a department (to ask) her: “You (to shop) here, madam?” “Certainly, I (to do),” the young woman (to answer) angrily. “What else you (to think) I (to do) here?” “Well, madam, I (to think) you (to take) an inventory.”
2. Вставьте где необходимо в пропуски артикли. Переведите предложения.
1. I can see ... pencil on your ... table, but I can see no ... paper.
2. Is this ... watch? - No, it isn’t... watch, it’s ... pen.
3. I have two ... sisters and ... brother. My ... sisters are ... students. They are at... home.
4. It is very dark in ... room. Turn on ... light, please.
5. We have ... dog. ... dog is very clever. My ... sister’s ... friend has no ... dog.
3. Поставьте вопросы к выделенным словам, употребляя вопросительные слова, данные в скобках.
1. I usually have a sandwich and tea for breakfast. (What?)
2. He buys his clothes in a big shop. (Where?)
3. Yesterday at this time I was reading a very interesting book. (When?)
4. The vase was broken yesterday by Pete. (By whom?)
5. My mother is at work now. (Who?)
6. Ann goes to college every day. (How often?)
4. Образуйте степени сравнения от следующих прилагательных.
good, big, nice, beautiful, difficult, happy, sad, far, old
5. Переделайте следующие предложения из активного в пассивный залог. Переведите новые предложения.
1. Tom gave Nick a book for his birthday.
2. Lydia will show you a new book of pictures.
3. Ivan Susanin led the Poles into the thickest part of the forest.
4. We shall do the translation in the evening.
5. My father sent for the doctor yesterday.
Oxford and Cambridge are the oldest, the most prestigious universities in the -United Kingdom. Founded as -early -as -1-16 8 (Oxford) and -1-209 (Cambridge) these oldest universities in the country preserve historically developed traditions in life and education.
Both universities grew gradually as federations of independent colleges most of which were founded in the 14th, 15th and 16th centuries. There are about 40 colleges in Oxford and 30 in Cambridge. The construction of each college is connected with a name of some king or queen of England or with some prominent people of the country. Each college has its own name, arms (symbols) and traditions.
For centuries Oxbridge universities were only for men. Only in 1871 the first college for women was opened in Cambridge and later another one while by the same time in Oxford there were 5 colleges women, followed by 5 co-educational in the next century. In the 1970s most colleges opened their doors to both men and women. Now almost all colleges are mixed.
Cambridge has always had a particularly high reputation in the field of science and mathematics, Oxford in classical studies and “the humanities”.
The college system at Oxbridge is unlike that any other university in Britain. Each college in Oxbridge is different, but in many ways they are alike. They are all residential colleges and a college is a place where students live, no matter what profession they are trained for. Each college offers a wide range of subjects. Within the college one will normally find a chapel, a dining hall, a library, rooms for undergraduates and the staff, as well as rooms for teaching purposes. Each college is independent and self-governing. It is governed by its master and its Fellows. Teaching here is based on the tutorial system, which is partly being extended to other universities too. This is a system of individual tuition organized by the Colleges. Each Fellow is a tutor in his own subject to undergraduates who are studying it. Each student goes to his tutor’s