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Английский, вариант 1 (ECOTOURISM, ROCK BAND)

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Загружен: 16.11.2016
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Variant 1
Text 1
Read the text and complete the statements (1–5) with the most suit-able ending A, B, C or D.
Ecotourism is a booming business that many tour operators cite as being helpful to nature. Every year, millions of people step on protected natural areas to observe rare species. However, a new report casts doubt on the value of this form of tourism. In fact, it suggests that ecotourism is more damaging than helpful to nature. Details are in a report published in the journal ‘Trends in Ecology and Evolution’. Researchers believe tourists are disrupting animals in their natural habitat. They pointed to a recent event where sea turtles in Costa Rica had problems laying their eggs because of the great number of tourists who had come to watch the turtles’ nesting habits.
The report says that ecotourism is making animals bolder and that this could endanger the animals. A regular human presence might make animals tamer and less cautious about other animals around them, and this could put them at risk of being attacked by their natural threats. “Then they will suffer higher mortality when they encounter real predators,” the report says. It added: “When animals interact in ´benign´ ways with humans, they may let down their guard.” The report said it was essential, “to develop a more comprehensive understanding of how different species in different situations respond to human visitation and under what precise conditions human exposure might put them at risk.”

1.In this article ecotourism is viewed as being _____ to nature.
a) beneficial
b) threatening
c) traditional
d) innovative

2.A report published in the journal «Trends in Ecology and Evolution» pointed _____ character of ecotourism.
a) irregular
b) educational
c) damaging
d) entertaining

3.Animals become bolder because of the risk of_____.
a)being killed by people
b)being reluctant to breed
c)being attacked by other animals
d)attacked by other animals

4. A new research should study _____.
a)the respond of the animals to human presence
b)the reasons of mortality among animals
c)cases of encountering real predators
d)cases of cruelty to animals

5.The report is based on _____. a) stories from tourists
b) recent events
c) deductions of scientists
d) research

Text 2
Read the text. Decide if the statements (1–10) are True (T) or False (F).
Two years ago, our 14-year-old son, Ben, asked us for a set of drums for his birthday. At first, we were very much against the idea because of the noise. “It’s better than watching television or playing computer games in my free time,” Ben argued, “and it’ll keep me out of trouble.” In the end we gave in. “All right,” we said, “but you must consider the rest of the family and the neighbours when you play.”
That was just the beginning. Because drums are not the easiest instruments to transport, the other members of Ben’s band started appearing at our home with their guitars and other electrical equipment. And so, for several hours a week, the house shakes to the noise of their instruments and their teenage singing.
At least Ben’s hobby has been good for our health: whenever the band start practicing, my husband and I go out for a long walk. And I must admit that, although their music may sound a little strange, they are friendly and polite group of young men. I cannot judge their musical skill – after all I didn’t expect my parents’ generation to like the same music as I did when I was a teenager – but they do play regularly in local clubs for young people.
Our main worry is that they won’t spend enough time on their school work because of their musical activities, though this hasn’t happened yet. I am always stressing to Ben how important his studies are. But one thing is certain – Ben was right: it has kept him out of trouble and he is never bored.

1.The writer is trying to give advice to teenagers.
2.The writer gave Ben the present

Дополнительная информация

1.The writer is trying to give advice to teenagers.
2.The writer gave Ben the present he wanted because he would use it sensibly.
3.Ben persuaded his mother to present him an electric guitar.
4.The neighbours of the author don’t mind the noise.
5.The influence of the band members on the author’s son worries her.
6.The band members’ taste in music is different from hers.
7.Ben and his friends play the instruments well.
8.Ben’s friends avoid any contact with her.
9.Whenever the band start practicing, Ben’s parents listened to them.
10.The band practices several times a week.

Choose the correct item.
1.I _____ hard for months and decided to spend two weeks in a 5–star hotel in the Bahamas.
a) works
b) had working
c) had been working
d) worked

2.I _____ really early, so I was able to do a lot.
a)had booked
b)had a book
c)had booking

3.As soon as I approached the_____ and announced my name, there was a flurry of activity.
a) reception table
b) reception desk
c) reception coach
d) reception place

4.Before I knew what was happening, the manager had ordered a porter to grab my bags and show me to the penthouse _____.
a) basement
b) lobby
c) attic
d) suite

5.A large basket of fruit _____on a table, and an invitation to join the manager of the hotel for a complimentary dinner _____ on a silver plate.
a) was sitting/was lying
b) was sitting/was laying
c) sat/ laid
d) was sat/was laid

6.No more dessert for me, please. I am _____.

7.It is the most delicious steak, I _____.
8.a) have ever tried
b) ever try
c) am ever trying
d) ever tried

9.My brother _____ the toaster since 10 o’clock.
a) has repaired
b) is repairing
c) has been repairing
d) repairs

10.I _____good books and good music, and when I have some time to spare, I like to go to the theatre or a concert.
a) is keen of
b) am fond of
c) am keen of
d) keen of

11.Those, who prefer to stay _____may spend their free time, watching TV, listening to the radio.
a) a home
b) at home
c) at house
d) in home

Translate the sentences from English into Russian.
1.Our long-range aircraft is equipped with on-board telephones.
2.In accordance with international safety regulations, passengers must not carry weapons in their carry-on luggage.
3.Equipment with transmitters and remote-controlled toys are prohibit-ed on board.
4.All Lufthansa flights are non-smoking flights.
5.Travel is the movement of people between relatively distant geo-graphical locations, and can involve travel by foot, bicycle, automobile, train, boat, airplane, or other means.
6.Entertainment is a form of activity that holds the attention and interest of an audience, or gives pleasure and delight.
7.Many people believe that luck plays an important role in their lives.
Travelling by train is slower than by plane, but it has its advantages.
9.An important aspect of entertainment is the audience, which turns a private recreation or leisure activity into entertainment.
10.In Saudi Arabia people always offer their guests something to drink when they arrive: tea, coffee or perhaps water or soft drinks.

Write a postcard to your friend describing your flight abroad.


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