Контрольная работа №2
Задание 1. Перепишите предложения. Поставьте глаголы в скобках в нужную видовременную форму активного или пассивного залога. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. She (to know – знать) how to deal with computers.
2. By the end of 1980s the price of solar cells (to drop – падать) considerably.
3. I already (to fix – ремонтировать) the tap when Sam (to offer – предложить) to help me.
4. This effect … (to reduce – снижать, уменьшать) by the use of a specially developed coating (покрытие).
5. Astronauts … (not to change – не менять) film during the mission (полет).
6. This machine (to develop – создавать) in response to the need of a less costly machine.
7. Participants at the last session (to explore – исследовать) this unusual seismic activity.
8. The space crew (экипаж) (to observe – наблюдать) the Earth-Sun environment using identical instruments.
9. Data from particle physics experiments (to sort – сортировать) and stored in the same way.
10. This design (to adjust – приспособить) to the market much better than the previous one.
Задание 2. Перепишите предложения, выделите глаголы to be/ to have/ to do и определите их функцию. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Photons in photonic crystals should obey the same principles as do electrons in semiconductors.
2. These systems are to be lighter, more reliable and more fault tolerant.
3. Newer machines had a long useful life.
4. The aim of the experiment was to synthesize 10 A phase in the same reaction.
5. They will have to record holograms quickly, preserve them and erase old data.
6. The company will have to do some work in that field of production.
7. When satellites do take off, there is no guarantee that they will teach their destination.
8. Did you know that around 25 tons of air passes through the engine every minute?
Задание 3. Перепишите предложения. Выделите служебные слова it, that, one, определите их функцию и переведите предложения на русский язык. Распознайте усилительную конструкцию It is/ was … who/ that – именно…; It was not before/ until … when – только после…; This/ that is where – вот где.
1. There is also a danger that this technology could be used against the US.
2. It is here that the analysis begins to weaken.
3. One paper is based on important documents only recently discovered.
4. That highway would serve as an important link in the transportation system. It took nearly ten years to complete it.
5. There are certainly parallels between the development of the snowmobile and that of the automobile.
6. One often gets a sense (чувство) that the diplomats work at one speed while political events rush along at a much faster one.
Задание 4. Перепишите предложения. Заполните пропуски одним из союзных слов (who, what, that, which, where, when, whose), укажите, в каких предложениях союз можно не употреблять). Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. All engines … ignition starts as a result of high pressures, are called “Diesel engines”.
2. We have already found … will take the job.
3. Increasing capacity (объем грузоперевозок) is the only solution … we should accept.
4. He told … it would cost $ 800 million to start the program.
5. The women programmed the machine … no one had formerly tested.
6. The luminosity (освещенность) decreased sharply … the planet was passing in front of the star.
7. Steven Vogel, a professor of biology, … field is biomechanics, explains how non-metallic man-made materials avoid catastrophic cracking.
Задание 5. Перепишите предложения. Выделите инфинитив, герундий и причастие и определите их функцию. Переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. Difficulties still remain in achieving high precision
2. Some people decided to get out of the sport, especially after they sustained injury3. Programming was a woman’s job.
4. There are problems to be solved.
5. There must have been a learning process constantly accompanying