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Английский, вар 1 (THE INTERNET)

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Загружен: 19.10.2016
Содержимое: вар 1 (The Internet).rar (27,46 Кбайт)

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КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА 4
Вариант 1
1. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык. Выпишите из каждого глагол-сказуемое и определите его видовременную форму и залог. Напишите форму инфинитива глагола.
1. I was given a watch for my birthday.
2. These problems will have to be solved before we can go ahead.
3. Computers are used in all kinds of places nowadays.
4. People are using computers in all kinds of places these days.
5. The Second World War started in 1939.
6. He has been to Italy several times.

2. Выберите нужную форму глагола. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык.
1. If our flight (land) on time, we (arrive) in time for lunch.
2. If I (have) enough money, I (buy) car.
3. If I (have) more time, I (finish) my work yesterday.
4. If you (intend) to go abroad you (have to get) a visa.

3. Перепишите и переведите предложения на русский язык. Выпишите причастный (Absolute Participle Construction) или инфинитивный (Complex Object, Complex Subject) оборот и определите его тип.
1. The weather being fine, we went for a walk.
2. This experiment was considered to be dangerous.
3. He wants this work to be done.

4. Перепишите и письменно переведите текст.
THE INTERNET
The 1990s saw great changes in the way people communicate. People could send mail without going to the post office, and go shopping without leaving home.
Words like e-mail and download became part of people´s vocabulary. The cause of this great change was the Internet.
The idea for the Internet began in the early 1960s in the United States. The Department of Defense wanted to connect their computers together in order to share private information. In 1969, the Arpanet (an early form of the Internet) first connected computers at four American universities. One computer successfully sent information to another. In 1972, scientists shared Arpanet with the world. They created a way to send person-to-person messages using Arpanet. This was the beginning of e-mail.
Over the next few years, there was a lot of progress made in the world of computing, but most people were not using the Internet. Then, in the 1980s, personal computers became more common. In the early 1990s, two important things happened: the birth of the World Wide Web in 1991, and the creation of the first Web browser in 1993. The Web made it easier to find information on the Internet, and to move from place to place using links. The Web and browser made it possible to see information as a web site with pictures, sound, and words.
Today, millions of people connect to the Internet to send e-mail, visit web sites, or store information on servers. Computers are now an important part of our lives and are changing how we learn, work, shop, and communicate. The Internet, a global computer network which embraces millions of users all over the world, began in the United States in 1969 as a military experiment. It was designed to survive a nuclear war. Information sent over the Internet takes the shortest path available from one computer to another. Because of this, any two computers on the Internet will be able to stay in touch with each other as long as there is a single route between them. This technology is called packet switching.
Owing to this technology, if some computers on the network are knocked out (by a nuclear explosion, for example), information will just route around them.
The most popular Internet service is e-mail. Most of the people, who have access to the Internet, use the network only for sending and receiving e-mail messages.
In many developing countries the Internet may provide businessmen with a reliable alternative to the expensive and unreliable telecommunica¬tion systems of these countries. However there are still both commercial and technical problems which will take time to be resolved.
The most important is security. When you send an e-mail message to somebody, this message can travel through many different networks and computers. The data is

Дополнительная информация

Today, millions of people connect to the Internet to send e-mail, visit web sites, or store information on servers. Computers are now an important part of our lives and are changing how we learn, work, shop, and communicate. The Internet, a global computer network which embraces millions of users all over the world, began in the United States in 1969 as a military experiment. It was designed to survive a nuclear war. Information sent over the Internet takes the shortest path available from one computer to another. Because of this, any two computers on the Internet will be able to stay in touch with each other as long as there is a single route between them. This technology is called packet switching.
Owing to this technology, if some computers on the network are knocked out (by a nuclear explosion, for example), information will just route around them.
The most popular Internet service is e-mail. Most of the people, who have access to the Internet, use the network only for sending and receiving e-mail messages.
In many developing countries the Internet may provide businessmen with a reliable alternative to the expensive and unreliable telecommunica¬tion systems of these countries. However there are still both commercial and technical problems which will take time to be resolved.
The most important is security. When you send an e-mail message to somebody, this message can travel through many different networks and computers. The data is constantly being directed towards its destination by special computers called routers. Because of this, it is possible to get into any of computers along the route, intercept and even change the data being sent over the Internet.

5. Перепишите вопросы к тексту и письменно ответьте на них.
1. What was the great change in people’s life?
2. How and where did the idea for the Internet begin?
3. What was an early form of the Internet?
4. What is the most popular Internet service?
5. What is the most important problem with Internet?
6. Why is it possible to change the data being sent over the Internet?
7. How can you get into any of computers and change the data?

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