I. Прочтите и переведите текст:
THE WORKING OF THE HOUSE OF COMMONS
As a hundred years ago government in Britain is called "parliamentary government". It was true to say that the ministers held office only for so long as they continued to be supported by a majority in the House of Commons.
The two Houses of Parliament, the Lords and the Commons, share the same building, the Palace of Westminster. The present buildings of the Palace were erected between 1840 and 1852 to replace older buildings which had been destroyed by fire in 1834.
The Commons occupy the north part of the Palace, the Lords the south end. The part of the Palace of Westminster induces some hundreds of rooms, among which are library, restaurants, committee rooms and so on. Ministers have offices for themselves within the Palace of Westminster, but ordinary members do not.
The Commons debating chamber is usually called "The House". It has seats for only about 370 of its total membership of over 600. Members do not have special seats. The shape and arrangement of the House are of great political significance. It is rectangular, with the Speaker’s chair at one end, and with five straight rows of benches running down one side along its whole length, and five rows on the other side so that the rows of benches face each other across the floor.
Members of the House of Commons have received salaries since 1911.
Each chamber has galleries, parts of which are kept for the use of the public. The beginning of a day’s business is at 2.30 p.m. The office of the Speaker has a special importance. The choice of a new Speaker is made by a vote of the House.
The House of Commons meets every Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday and Thursday at 2.30 in the afternoon, and normally sits until 10.30 p.m. A light at the top of the clock tower, where the famous Big Ben strikes is kept on for so long as the House is sitting.
II. Ответьте на вопросы:
1. How is government in Britain called?
2. What is the building the Lords and the Commons share?
3. When was the fire in London?
4. Where is the beginning of a day’s business?
5. What is the sign that the House is sitting?
III. Выпишите из текста интернациональные слова.
IV. Определите по суффиксу часть речи и переведите слова на русский язык,
moralist, moralize, morality, mainly, nomination, offensive, offender, quantity, tasteless, ready
V. Выпишите из текста предложения, иллюстрирующие: а) прошедшее неопределенное время, страдательный залог (3-е лицо ед. числа), б) причастие I, в) настоящее совершенное время.
VI. Переведите предложения, обращая внимание на выделенные слова:
a) Who knows the reason of Pete´s absence from school? b) The boy often forgot his books at home because of his absence of mind. c) Cold is the absence of heat.
a) I suppose, you have time to make the bed. b) Go to bed, it´s high time to do it. c) There was a wonderful flowerbed before the house.
a) May I ask you a question? b) He always asks after your sister´s health, c) This task asks for your special attention.
VII. Закончите предложения:
a) I am to ....
b) Can you ... ?
c) You may....
d) She has done ....
e) Are you ... ?