17 tasks on economy

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Uploaded: 31.01.2014
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Objective 1.
Background and problem statement. Determine the working-age population at the beginning of next year, if the current year's figures are as follows: working-age population at the beginning of the year - 70 million. People; the number of deaths of working age during the year - 0.2 million. people, the number of young people reached in this year of working age - 2 million. pers .; the number of people who have reached retirement age in the current year - 1.6 mln. people.
Objective 2.
Initial data. The population of working age is 80 mln. People., Including broken disabilities groups I and II - 1.2 mln. People. Working teens - 0.1 million. People, working pensioners - 4.5 mln. People.
Problem Statement. Determine the size of the labor force.
Task 3.
Initial data. The city has a population of 120 thousand. People. population growth rate in the base period - 100 ppm, the proportion of the labor force - 50%.
Problem Statement. Identify prospective population and labor resources at the end of the planning period, subject to the immutability of the share of labor resources in the population of the city.
Task 4.
Background and problem statement. Determine the labor force of the city, where the population of working age 750 thousand. People. Among them disabled groups I and II of working age of 10 thousand. People; the number of employed young people under the age of 16 - 15 thousand. people. working people older than working age - 55 thousand. people.
Task 5.
Background and problem statement. Determine the labor force of the city, where the population of working age by the end of the plan year amounted to 1 million. People. The population that goes beyond working age - 22 thousand. People., The number of deaths in working age - 5 thousand. People, mechanical growth of the population of working age - 3 thousand. people.
Task 6.
Initial data. The number of able-bodied population of the region at the beginning of the year amounted to 1 million. People working persons of retirement age and adolescents under the age of 16 - 40 thousand. People.
During the year, the composition of the working age population the following changes: to enter a working age 250 thousand. Pers., Came from other areas of 90 thousand. People, involved to work in the national economy of 20 thousand. People. retirement age, passed into retirement age, disability, and died 200 thousand. people. working age, 15 thousand. pensioners stopped working, retired in other regions of 75 thousand. people of working age.
Problem Statement. Determine the number of labor force at the beginning and end of the year, total, natural and mechanical growth of the labor force, as well as the corresponding coefficients movement of labor.
Target 7.
Background and problem statement. Calculate the region promising the labor force, provided that the total population growth rate is 10 per thousand, the share of the labor force in the total population will be lower by 0.01 points over the reference period. The population at the beginning of the planning period is 10 million. Pers., Manpower - 6 million. Pers.
Target 8
Background and problem statement. Determine the population of working age in the region at the end of the year, if the population of working age in the beginning of the year amounted to 1 million. People, entered working age of 30 thousand. Man died of the people of working age 5 thousand. Man, was excluded from the working-age population 35 thous. people have come from other areas of 350 thousand. man departed to other areas - 100 thousand. people.

Additional information

Target 9.
Background and problem statement. Identify prospective population and labor resources of the city, provided that the natural growth rate is 20 per thousand, mechanical growth rate of 30 per thousand. The share of the labor force in the total population is higher by 0.01 points over the reference period. The population at the beginning of the planning period is 1 million. People workforce of 500 thousand. People.
Target 10
Background and problem statement. In the mid-year population of 15 million. People. For the year came from other parts of 0.9 million. Pers., Departed - 0.5 mln. People. Identify migration balance, gross migration intensity factors of migration.
Target 11.
Background and problem statement. From one region to another has migrated 10 thousand. People., A reverse flow amounted to 4 thousand. People. Determine the effectiveness of inter-district exchange rate for the area.
Target 12.
Background and problem statement. The average annual population of the city is 500 thousand. People. For the year came 20 th. People, net migration is equal to 12 thousand. People. Determine the gross migration and intensity factors origin and destination.
Target 13.
Background and problem statement. Gross migration in the region for the year amounted to 250 thousand. People. Ratio of net migration rate - 50 ppm. Determine the average annual population of the area if the area for the year came to 150 thousand. People.
Target 14.
Background and problem statement. In the regional center average population of 250 thousand. People. During the year the city arrived 15 thousand. People., Intensity factor disposals amounted to 40 ppm. Determine the balance of migration, migration and gross migration rate.
Target 15
Background and problem statement. Average annual number of population of the district is 1 million. People. For the year retired 120 thousand. Pers., Net migration was 80 thousand. People. Determine the gross migration and intensity factors origin and destination.
Target 16.
Background and problem statement. The balance of migration of population in the city for the year amounted to 150 thousand. People, migration turnover intensity factor - 10 ppm. Determine the average annual population of the city, if the city for the year came to 200 thousand. People.
Target 17.
Background and problem statement. The situation on the labor market in Russia in 1995 was characterized by the following data: the number of economically active population - 74 million. Pers., The actual level of unemployment was 7.7% of the economically active population, the level of officially registered unemployment rate - 2.7%, the number of vacancies Places - 350 thousand .; 1.9 mln. People. They were on administrative leave by the administration without pay or with partial salary of 2 million. pers. They were transferred to a shortened work week.
Assess the extent of open and hidden unemployment, as well as the tension in the labor market.

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