10 tasks on macroeconomics, version 8

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Uploaded: 22.05.2013
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1. The following data on the US economy for 1929 (in billions of dollars.)
Transfer payments A
Gross domestic investment
Indirect taxes on the business with
Personal income taxes D
Net exports of E
Retained profit corporations F
Depreciation G
Personal consumption expenditures H
Taxes on corporate profits J
Social insurance contributions N
Government procurement of goods and services O
a) Calculate the GDP and personal disposable income.
b) What is the value of private savings?
c) the amount by which the increased supply of capital in the economy?
(Za¬dacha decided in accordance with the old interpretation of the SNA and provided that GDP = GNP.)
A 12
B 21
C 15
D 6
E 2
F 5
7 G
H 71
J 2
N 1
O 7

2. The economy is described by the following indicators:
- Consumer spending (C) = 2500;
- Investments (I) = 900;
- Government spending (G) = 500;
- Government transfers (TR) = 100;
- Interest payments on the public debt (N) = 200;
- Taxes (T) = 700.
It is expected that GDP = GNI.
a) private savings;
b) public savings;
c) the value of government bonds and dopolnitelno¬go amount of money issued to cover the budget deficit, if it is known that a deficiency of 80% finansi¬ruetsya bond issue.
I 900
G 500
TR 100
200 N

3. The economy is described by the following data:
Y = C + I; C = F (Y);
The equilibrium level of income, the equilibrium level of savings and consumption.
If the issue is equal to 800, then what would be the non-planned increase in inventories of products?
If stand-alone investments will increase to 100, how iz¬menitsya equilibrium output? What is the significance multipli¬katora autonomous expenditure? Show change urov¬nya equilibrium graphically.
F (Y) I
70 + 0,7Y 50

4. The economy is described by the following data:
Y = C + I + G + NE; C = ... .; I = .........; NE = ......... ..; G = .........
Calculate the equilibrium level of income, the value of the multiplier of autonomous expenditure.
Option C I NE G
8300 + 0,2Y 300 + 0,25Y 150-0,04Y 300

5. If the real GDP will increase by A times, and the money supply will increase by B%, it will change as the level of prices at a stable rate obra¬scheniya money?
A 1,5
B 35

Additional information

6. The demand for money is given by the following equation:
where R - the interest rate;
Y - real GDP.
If the actual amount of the issue increased by 600,000, how to change kri¬vaya demand for money?
A 0,45Y-6R

7. The Central Bank buys government bonds from commercial banks in the amount of A million. How can change the money supply, if the commercial banks to fully ispol¬zuyut its credit facilities, provided that the rate of deposits is re¬zervirovaniya b%?
A 600
B 10

8. The population is A million people., B million people. -Children under 16 years old, as well as people who are in long izolya¬tsii (in psychiatric hospitals, correctional uchrezhde¬niyah, etc.); C million people. dropped out of the labor force; D mln. People. - The unemployed; E million people. - Workers zanya¬tye part-time and job-seekers.
Using these statistics, calculate the value of the labor force and the unemployment rate.
A 110
B 10
C 20
D 4
E 1

9. The Government shall decide on the introduction of ta¬rifa import sugar at the rate of $ 0.02 per 1 kg of sugar. The world price of sugar is equal to $ 0.1 per 1 kg. The volume of domestic proizvod¬stva sugar under free trade is A billion kg per year, and if the tariff on imports - B billion kg per year. Volume vnut¬rennego consumption of sugar in the free trade of C billion kg per year, while import tariffs - D billion kg per year. The volume of imports of sugar into the country under free torgov¬le of E billion kg per year, and in the presence of import tariff -F billion kg per year.
What are the loss of customers of the country of the tariff on sugar imports? What is the payoff of domestic producers from this measure? Is the increase in state budget revenues from vvede¬niya tariff on imports of sugar? What are the net loss of national wealth of the country of import restrictions?
A 12
B 14
C 22
D 20
E 8
F 6

10. The natural rate of unemployment this year is A%, and the actual - B%.
Determine the value of the relative backwardness of actual GDP from potential provided that the ratio of GDP to the dynamics chuvstvi¬telnosti cyclical unemployment is C.
If the actual amount of the issue in the same year amounted to 600 billion USD., What GDP losses caused by cyclic bez¬rabotitsey?
A 3
B 12
C 2


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