Задание 1. Напишите развернутый конспект на тему «Глагол в страдательном залоге»
Задание 2. Раскройте скобки, поставьте глаголы в нужные формы страдательного залога. Переведите письменно предложения на русский язык.
1. New subjects will (study) next term.
2. The text already (write) by them.
3. The text (translate) at the moment.
4. This book (write) by our teacher last month.
5. These toys (make) in China.
Задание 3. Соотнесите словосочетания из левого столбика с их определениями в правом:
1)board of directors a)a person who takes a risk to create a new product or to develop a better way to operate a business
2)dividends b)license allowing a business to operate as if it were part of a larger chair
3)entrepreneur c)owners of a corporation who may share the profit
4)non-for-profit d)obligation to cover debt is limited to the extent of ownership
5)insurance e)profit distributed to the owners of a corporation
6)stockholders f)a share of ownership in a corporation
7)franchise g)type of business organization that typically uses revenue for charitable or religious purposes
8)limited liability h)business organization managed on behalf of its owners, who provide the funds
9)stock i)method of turning the risk of a big loss into the certainty of a small periodic one
10)corporation j)elected representatives of a corporation shareholders
Задание 4. Прочитайте текст и письменно переведите:
Theory of Demand
Consumer demand is the quantities of a particular good that an individual consumer wants and is able to buy as the price varies, if all other factors influencing demand are constant.
That is, consumer demand is the relationship between the quantity demanded for the good and its price. The factors assumed constant are prices of other goods, income, and a number of non-economic factors, such as social, physiological, demographic characteristics of the consumer in question. The theory of demand is based on the assumption that the consumer having budget constraint seeks to reach the maximum possible level of utility, that is, to maximize utility, but he usually prefers to obtain more rather than less. The consumer has to solve the problem of choice. Provided he is to maintain a given level of utility, increases in the quantity of one good must be followed by reductions in the quantity of the other good. The consumer has to choose the specific goods within the limits imposed by his budget.
The concept of marginal utility is of great importance for solving the utility maximization problem. The marginal utility of a good is the additional utility obtained from consuming an additional unit of the good in question. The marginal utility from consuming a good decreases as more of that good is consumed. ...
A price increase will result in a reduction in the quantity demanded. This relationship between the quantity demanded of a good and its price is called the law of demand. As the marginal utility from each additional unit of the good consumed decreases, the consumer will want to buy more of this good only if its price is reduced.
Market demand is the quantities of a good that all consumers in a particular market want and are able to buy as price varies and as all other factors are assumed constant. Market demand depends not only on the factors affecting individual demands, but also on the number of consumers in the market. The law of demand also works with market demand.
Задание 5. Ответьте на вопросы по содержанию текста:
1. What is consumer demand?
2. What factors influencing consumer demand are assumed constant?
3. What is marginal utility?
4. How should the consumer allocate his income?
5. In what way is the marginal utility connected with price?
6. What is market demand?
7. In what way does market demand differ from individual demand?
Задание 6. Составьте пересказ текста и выучите его наизусть