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Контрольная по английскому №1. Вариант 1.

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ВАРИАНТ №1
I.Спишите текст, поставив прилагательные, данные в скобках, в сравнительной или превосходной степени. Выберите правильный вариант. Впишите ответы в таблицу после текста.
LONDON — The proud male automotive ego just got a body blow from a new study by a U.K. insurance company. It turns out that men have 1…… (big) car crashes that cost more money 2 … … (than\then) women, according to research by Elephant.co.uk.
The study provides 3…… (many) evidence that, despite common male wisdom, men aren´t 4……..(good) drivers than women. The research also reflects the findings of countless other studies, as well as U.S. fatality statistics provided by the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration that show consistently 5…… (high) fatalities year after year among male drivers versus female drivers.
The study looked at 6…… (many) than 200,000 insurance claims and found that 7…… (most\most of) accidents involving men under 25 cost on average 15 percent more 8 ……. (than\then) those involving women of the same age.
British insurer Elephant.co.uk says that the cost of accidents involving male drivers of all ages is 9…… (more\much) higher than accidents involving women.
Впишите ответы в таблицу:
0. stronger 6.
1. 7.
2. 8.
3. 9.
4. 10.
5.


II. Используя вопросительные слова, составьте такие специальные вопросы, чтобы следующие предложения были ответом на них. Напишите вопросы.

1. As a solicitor in a large company, I spend a lot of time preparing briefs for barristers.
How much ………………………………………………………………………...?
2. If a US President resigns or becomes permanently disabled, the Vice President takes over his duties until the next election. Who………………………………………………………………………………....?
3. For the most history punishment has been both painful and public in order to act as deterrent to others. .
Why………………………………………………………………………………..?
4. The US Congress consists of two houses: the House of Representatives and the Senate. The proposed legislation usually starts in the House of Representatives.
Where ……………………………………………………………………………..?
5. Hammurabi, a king of Babylonia, drew up the most detailed ancient legal code in 1758.
When ………………………………………………………………………………?

III. Спишите текст, поставив глаголы в нужной форме. Подчеркните сказуемое. Впишите ответы в таблицу после текста.

Last week police 1… (arrest) John Brown. They 2… (suspect) him of being the leader of a gang of robbers who 3… (steal) art treasures from museums and homes since last January. Prior to his arrest, Brown 4… (spend) two years in prison for theft. They 5… (release) him only 10 months ago. The police 6… (try) to find the gang’s hideout for months. They feel sure they 7… (arrest) the rest of the gang by the end of the month. This 8… (be) the biggest art theft operation to be uncovered since 1974 when the police 9… (catch) a gang which 10… (steal) over a million pounds worth of paintings from galleries all over the country.
Впишите ответы в таблицу:
0. defined - past indefinite 6.
1. 7.
2. 8.
3. 9.
4. 10.
5.


IV. Спишите предложения, вставив вместо пропусков один из модальных глаголов в нужном времени, а где это необходимо – его эквивалент. Некоторые предложения могут быть отрицательными.
Впишите ответы в таблицу после текста.

1. Anyone … bring a lawsuit against someone else if they feel they have suffered a wrong that cannot be settled easily.
2. A barrister … not work in a court without a brief from a solicitor.
3. The publisher … get the Proprietors’ consent in writing beforehand.
4. People … learn more about their rights so that they know what laws protect them from abuse.
5. Some companies … be subject to enormous claims.
6. Self-employed barristers work in offices called chambers, and … have their own office or share one with other barristers
7. In Europe, most countries insist that the citizens who keep wealth outside the territory where they live will … to pay tax on it, sooner or later.

Дополнительная информация

V. Спишите предложения, выбрав верную форму инфинитива. Подчеркните инфинитив. Впишите ответы в таблицу после текста.

1. A new discovery must … by a patent.
a) be protected b) have been protected c) to be protected
2. You can´t … every contract you come across, but for the most important ones - employment, living arrangements, even medical treatment, be sure to have an attorney review it before signing.
a) read b) be reading c) have read
3. The policeman asked me … specific, because interpreting unclear language could lead to a lawsuit.
a) be b) to be c) to have been
4. There will be attempts … fraudulent trading.
a) to be preventing b) to prevent c) to be prevented
5. …the same mistake twice was unforgivable.
a) To be made b) To make c) To have made
6. It occurred to me that he was trying … something.
a) to be concealing b) to conceal c) to have concealed
7. No one would rather … this building without the permission of the police.
a) to leave b) leave c) to have left
Впишите ответы в таблицу:
0. to inherit 4.
1. 5.
2. 6.
3. 7.


VI. Изучите содержание текста, обращая внимание на выделенные слова.

English courts
We can use the English system as an example of how courts relate to one another.
In general, the division between civil and criminal law is reflected in this system. The Crown Courts, for example, deal exclusively with criminal matters, the County Courts, with civil. However, the Queen´s Bench Division of the High Court considers appeals from lower criminal courts, as well as civil matters, and the Magistrates´ Courts, while mostly concerned with criminal cases, also deal with some civil matters. The highest court, the House of Lords, deals with all matters (including appeals from Scottish and Northern Irish courts).
A criminal case usually begins in a Magistrates’ Court. Having arrested someone suspected of committing a crime, the police must decide if they have enough evidence to make a formal accusation, or charge. If they charge the suspect, they may release him on the condition that he appear on a certain date at a certain Magistrates’ Court. This is known as unconditional bail. However, the police may instead take the suspect to a magistrate so that he remains in custody until he next appears before a court. The magistrate may decided that it is not necessary to hold the suspect in custody and may agree to unconditional bail, or the magistrate may grant conditional bail—that is, release the suspect provided that he puts up some money as security or agrees to surrender his passport or some similar condition. As the lowest criminal court, a Magistrates’ Court is empowered to hear certain cases only. Some minor cases, such as parking violations, are dealt with only by the magistrates. Some serious crimes, like murder, cannot be heard by the magistrates and must go to the Crown Courts. And there are some offences where the defendant is given the choice of having his case heard in the Magistrates Court or the Crown Court. It takes much longer to have a case heard in the Crown Court, but some defendants prefer it because the facts of the case are decided by a jury, that is, ordinary members of the public.
In a Crown Court trial there are twelve jurors. These are ordinary members of the public between the ages of 18 and 70 who are selected at random. They are not paid but are given expenses while they are on jury service, which is usually for about two weeks. Service is compulsory, and it cannot normally be avoided without a good reason, such as illness. It is not necessary for a juror to know anything about the law—indeed certain people connected with the world of law, such as solicitors, are not allowed to serve as jurors. This is because the job of the jury is to listen to the case and to decide questions of fact. It is the judge´s responsibility to guide them on questions of law.

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В целях противодействия нарушению авторских прав и права собственности, а также исключения необоснованных обвинений в адрес администрации сайта о пособничестве такому нарушению, администрация торговой площадки Plati (http://www.plati.com) обращается к Вам с просьбой - в случае обнаружения нарушений на торговой площадке Plati, незамедлительно информировать нас по адресу support@plati.com о факте такого нарушения и предоставить нам достоверную информацию, подтверждающую Ваши авторские права или права собственности. В письме обязательно укажите ваши контактные реквизиты (Ф.И.О., телефон).

В целях исключения необоснованных и заведомо ложных сообщений о фактах нарушения указанных прав, администрация будет отказывать в предоставлении услуг на торговой площадке Plati, только после получения от Вас письменных заявлений о нарушении с приложением копий документов, подтверждающих ваши авторские права или права собственности, по адресу: 123007, г. Москва, Малый Калужский пер. д.4, стр.3, Адвокатский кабинет «АКАР №380».

В целях оперативного реагирования на нарушения Ваших прав и необходимости блокировки действий недобросовестных продавцов, Plati просит Вас направить заверенную телеграмму, которая будет являться основанием для блокировки действий продавца, указанная телеграмма должна содержать указание: вида нарушенных прав, подтверждения ваших прав и ваши контактные данные (организиционно-правовую форму лица, Ф.И.О.). Блокировка будет снята по истечение 15 дней, в случае непредставления Вами в Адвокатский кабинет письменных документов подтверждающих ваши авторские права или права собственности.

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