ДОМАШНЯЯ КОНТРОЛЬНАЯ РАБОТА №2
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Should I Add Fish to My Diet?
DEAR DR.BLONZ: I keep reading that I should be eating more fish. The problem is that I don’t like the taste. Is there something unique to fish that I cannot get elsewhere in my diet Finally, what is an epidemiology study?
S.F., Arlington, III
DEAR S.F.: I will answer your second question first. Epidemiology is the science that investigates the connection between specific events, such as the occurrence of a disease, and a particular behavior pattern, such as diet or exercise. Epidemiological research can help suggest what’s going on, but it cannot really tell you what’s causing what with any precision.
Now on to your fish question. Too bad that you don’t have a taste for fish, because it has been found to be an asset in the fight against heart disease. The first studies describing the low incidence of heart disease in fish-eating populations appeared over two decades ago. The evidence keeps pointing to omega-3 oils in fish as the source of this unique property.
Omega-3 oils are a type of oil that manufactured by plants that grow in the sea and a few that grow on land. The fish that eat these sea plants (as well as the fish that eat those fish) accumulate these essential fatty acids, or EFAs, in their bodies. These are mainly the varieties of fish found in cold water. Those fish that contain a high level of omega-3 EFAs include mackerel, sardines, salmon, tune, herring, yellowtail and trout.
There are non-fish options, too, because on land, there’s a generous supply of omega-3 oils in linseed oil, and smaller amounts in walnut, soybean, and canola oils, as well as wheat germ.
At present there is a great deal of epidemiological evidence to support the healthfulness of fish.
In the end, though, fish should not be thought of as a magic bullet against heart disease. What fish represent is good food and a convenient source of essential fats.
To investigate – изучать
Behavior pattern – образ жизни
Mackerel – скумбрия, макрель
Salmon – лосось, семга
Herring - сельдь
Trout – форель
Wheat germ – ростки пшеницы
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James I and the Gunpowder Plot.
a) The effigy is known to such children as "Guy Fox", though the real name of the man who it represents was Guido Fawkes. Although he was born at York, he had served in the Spanish army, and used the Spanish form of his name in his signature. Who was he, this man who is still burnt every year, hundreds of years after he lived? This is his story, the story of Guido Fawkes and King James I.
b) When the Great Queen Elizabeth died in 1603 she was unmarried. So the Scottish King James VI became King James I of England. He was not a pleasant man. Not only was he of ungainly appearance, he was also untrustworthy and deceitful. James I who believed in absolute monarchy insisted that the Members of Parliament were there simply to do as he told them. In addition to his frequent quarrels with Parliament, James earned the hatred of many of his subjects by his treatment of people with religious views differing from own. From this hatred came the famous Gunpowder Plot less than two years after his coronation.
c) Thus died a man whose name has quite wrongly and mistakenly come to mean anyone of queer or foolish appearance. Only Guido Fawkes was neither. He was a brave man and a gentleman, a faithful friend to the limit of endurance, ready to die for the faith in which he believed. We can be sure that never again were the cellars under the House of Lords let during the reign of James I. Nor have they ever been let since. Even to this day a careful search is made of them before the opening of Parliament.