К/р №3 по английскому, вариант 5 (LONDON UNDERGROUND)

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I. Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на употребление времён группы Continuous (Present, Past, Future) и группы Perfect (Present, Past, Future) в действительном и страдательном залогах. Выпишите сказуемые и укажите их видовременные формы.
1. According to schedule this train was due to arrive at 12.30, but because of track repair work, it is being delayed.
2. The passengers were invited to get on the train and now they are saying good bye to those who had come to see them off.
3. China is planning to construct several thousand kilometers of track for the transportation of passengers and trains.

II. Перепишите и переведите предложения, поставив глагол в нужную форму.
1. The new three wagon Tank Train (to test – Present Perfect Passive) in severe winter conditions on the Alaska Railroad.
2. The construction of both the bridge and the dam (to complete – Future Perfect Passive) by the beginning of the navigation season.
3. At present 2,500 km of high speed lines (to construct – Present Continuous Passive) in Europe and Asia.

III. Перепишите и переведите предложения, выбрав правильную форму сказуемого (Active or Passive).
1. Air-conditioning system always (maintains; is maintained) the optimum temperature and humidity in the carriage.
2. A new high-speed railway line (is building; is being built) in the North of Russia now.
3. The flood (has caused, has been caused) considerable damage to the railway track.

IV. Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на употребление модальных глаголов. Подчеркните модальные глаголы в английских предложениях и в переводе.
1. Both direct and alternating current may be used on electrified railways.
2. Steel, which is used for the production of rails, must be of high quality.
3. The double-track railways are more convenient than single-track railways because the trains need not wait for the other trains to pass.

V. Образуйте от данных глаголов две формы Participle I. Полученные причастия переведите на русский язык
Model: to install - a) installing – устанавливающий, устанавливая
b) having installed – установив.
1) to process; 2) to break; 3) to buy; 4) to pass; 5) to connect; 6) to know; 7) to require; 8) to fulfill; 9) to invent; 10) to take; 11) to tell; 12) to forbid; 13) to damage; 14) to sign; 15) to report.

VI. Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на употребление Participle I в функциях определения и обстоятельства. Подчеркните причастия I в английских предложениях и в переводе.
1. The journey from London to Norwich (184 km) takes exactly two hours, including stops.
2. The Oktyabrskaya Raiways offer additional discounts for passengers travelling to Finland with children under the age of 17.
3. In 1786, William Murdock, an English engineer, constructed a working model of a small steam locomotive.

VII. Образуйте от глаголов данных в скобках, Participle II. Полученные причастия переведите на русский язык
Model: a (to write) article – a written article – написанная статья.
1) the (to carry out) experiment; 2) freight (to deliver) 2 hours ago; 3) a wagon (to use) for the transportation of liquid goods; 4) new electronic devices (to display) at the exhibition; 5) (to ensure) minimum of service; 6) an (to overcrowd) bus; 7) fuel (to use) in jet engines; 8) a new Metro station (to decorate) with marble and bronze; 9) (to take) measures; 10) a driver (to fine) for over-speeding.

VIII. Перепишите и переведите предложения, обращая внимание на употребление Participle II в функциях определения и обстоятельства. Подчеркните причастия II в английских предложениях и в переводе.
1. The research did not give the expected results because of the mistake in the computation.
2. The total length of the bridge built across the Volga at Saratov is about two miles.
3. Signals installed at frequent intervals along the total mainline inform the train driver of the position of other trains.

Дополнительная информация

X. Перепишите и переведите текст.
The London Underground (it is often called the Tube) is the oldest metro in the world. It has been used for passenger transporting since 1863. Nowadays the London Underground is the most popular means of city transport because it is relatively cheap, convenient, quick and safe. Its length is about 400 km. Every day the Tube carries over 2.5 million passengers. The total number of passengers carried by the Underground each year is enormous and it is constantly growing. In the London Metro there are 11 underground lines, each of them has its own color. For example, the lines are called: Central (red), Circle (yellow), East London (orange), Metropolitan (dark brown), Northern (black), Victoria (light blue) and so on.
Only half of the trains go under the ground, new lines that connect London with its suburbs go over the ground. On such routes express trains are operated. They stop at a very few stations on their way that is very convenient for those people who live in the suburbs but work in the center of London.
There are 275 stations in the London Metro. Most of them are old and not attractive to the eye. The walls are simply white or gray plastered with all kinds of advertisements. Numerous stations, which are rather deep under the ground, are equipped with escalators. About 200 escalators can carry 10,000 passengers an hour at maximum speed. The longest one is at the station “Leicester Square”, its length is over 80 feet. On long escalators, the speed is changeable. When carrying passengers, the “up” escalator runs at full speed but when empty it moves at half speed. It is known that traffic is left-hand in Britain, but when passengers get on the escalator, they stand on the right so that people who hurry can run by on the left, and it seems that
everybody in the Underground always hurries.
Safety was always one of the main concerns of the London transport. In spite of the fact that trains often follow each other within 1-3 minutes, it is said that the London Underground is the safest form of transport in the world. The most up-to-date electronic equipment is used for controlling train movement: if changes are necessary, they are made automatically and with lightning speed. No accident can happen through human errors.

XI. Ответьте на общие вопросы в соответствии с содержанием текста.
1. Has the London Underground been used since 1860?
2. Does the London Underground carry over 2,5 million passengers a day?
3. Do all Metro trains go under the ground?
4. Are all stations equipped with escalators?
5. Has safety always been one of the main concerns of London transport?
6. Can any accident happen through human error in the London Underground?
7. Is the number of passengers carried by the London Underground
constantly growing?
8. Do express trains stop at all the stations on their way?
9. Are there twelve Underground lines in London?
10. Do all the underground lines have their own color?


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